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VS04: V2V Special Vehicle Alert

This service package alerts the driver about the location of and the movement of public safety vehicles responding to an incident, slow moving vehicles, oversized vehicles, and other special vehicles that may require special attention from the driver. These public safety, commercial, and maintenance vehicles share their current status and location with surrounding vehicles so that other drivers in the vicinity can avoid interfering with their actions and avoid collisions.

Relevant Regions: Australia, Canada, European Union, and United States

Enterprise

Development Stage Roles and Relationships

Installation Stage Roles and Relationships

Operations Stage Roles and Relationships
(hide)

Source Destination Role/Relationship
Basic Vehicle Manager Basic Vehicle Manages
Basic Vehicle Manager Driver System Usage Agreement
Basic Vehicle Owner Basic Vehicle Owns
Basic Vehicle Owner Basic Vehicle Manager Operations Agreement
Basic Vehicle Owner Vehicle OBE Owner Expectation of Data Provision
Basic Vehicle Supplier Basic Vehicle Owner Warranty
Commercial Vehicle Driver Commercial Vehicle OBE Operates
Commercial Vehicle OBE Manager Commercial Vehicle Driver System Usage Agreement
Commercial Vehicle OBE Manager Commercial Vehicle OBE Manages
Commercial Vehicle OBE Owner Commercial Vehicle OBE Owns
Commercial Vehicle OBE Owner Commercial Vehicle OBE Manager Operations Agreement
Commercial Vehicle OBE Owner Vehicle OBE Owner Expectation of Data Provision
Commercial Vehicle OBE Supplier Commercial Vehicle OBE Owner Warranty
Driver Basic Vehicle Operates
Driver Vehicle OBE Operates
Emergency Personnel Emergency Vehicle OBE Operates
Emergency Vehicle OBE Manager Emergency Personnel System Usage Agreement
Emergency Vehicle OBE Manager Emergency Vehicle OBE Manages
Emergency Vehicle OBE Owner Emergency Vehicle OBE Owns
Emergency Vehicle OBE Owner Emergency Vehicle OBE Manager Operations Agreement
Emergency Vehicle OBE Owner Vehicle OBE Owner Expectation of Data Provision
Emergency Vehicle OBE Supplier Emergency Vehicle OBE Owner Warranty
Maint and Constr Vehicle OBE Manager Maint and Constr Vehicle OBE Manages
Maint and Constr Vehicle OBE Manager Maint and Constr Vehicle Operator System Usage Agreement
Maint and Constr Vehicle OBE Owner Maint and Constr Vehicle OBE Owns
Maint and Constr Vehicle OBE Owner Maint and Constr Vehicle OBE Manager Operations Agreement
Maint and Constr Vehicle OBE Owner Vehicle OBE Owner Expectation of Data Provision
Maint and Constr Vehicle OBE Supplier Maint and Constr Vehicle OBE Owner Warranty
Maint and Constr Vehicle Operator Maint and Constr Vehicle OBE Operates
Transit Vehicle OBE Manager Transit Vehicle OBE Manages
Transit Vehicle OBE Manager Transit Vehicle Operator System Usage Agreement
Transit Vehicle OBE Owner Transit Vehicle OBE Owns
Transit Vehicle OBE Owner Transit Vehicle OBE Manager Operations Agreement
Transit Vehicle OBE Owner Vehicle OBE Owner Expectation of Data Provision
Transit Vehicle OBE Supplier Transit Vehicle OBE Owner Warranty
Transit Vehicle Operator Transit Vehicle OBE Operates
Vehicle OBE Manager Driver System Usage Agreement
Vehicle OBE Manager Vehicle OBE Manages
Vehicle OBE Owner Basic Vehicle Owner Expectation of Data Provision
Vehicle OBE Owner Vehicle OBE Owns
Vehicle OBE Owner Vehicle OBE Manager Operations Agreement
Vehicle OBE Supplier Vehicle OBE Owner Warranty

Maintenance Stage Roles and Relationships

Functional

This service package includes the following Functional View PSpecs:

Physical Object Functional Object PSpec Number PSpec Name
Commercial Vehicle OBE CV On-Board Special Vehicle Safety 2.4.2 Collect On-board Commercial Vehicle Sensor Data
2.4.3 Analyze Commercial Vehicle On-board Data
2.4.4 Provide Commercial Vehicle Driver Interface
2.4.7 Manage CV On-board Data
Emergency Vehicle OBE EV On-Board En Route Support 5.3.3 Provide Emergency Vehicle Location
5.3.5 Provide Emergency Personnel Interface
5.3.9 Process Mobile Emergency Requests
Maint and Constr Vehicle OBE MCV Vehicle Safety Monitoring 9.1.2 Collect M&C Vehicle Data On-Board
9.3.1.2 Operate WZ Devices On-Board
9.3.1.4 Monitor Crew Movement On-Board
9.3.2.1 Status Work Zone Activity
9.3.4.3 Detect Work Zone Intrusion On-Board
9.3.4.4 Provide On-Board Work Zone Intrusion Alert
Transit Vehicle OBE Transit Vehicle V2V Safety 4.1.1 Process On-Board Systems Data
4.1.2 Determine Transit Vehicle Service Status
4.1.3 Provide Transit Vehicle Location Data
Vehicle OBE Vehicle Basic Safety Communication 3.1.1 Produce Collision and Crash Avoidance Data
3.1.3 Process Vehicle On-board Data
3.1.4 Communicate with Remote Vehicles
3.1.6 Provide Vehicle Acceleration and Deceleration Inputs
3.2.3.2 Manage Platoon Following
3.2.3.3 Process Data for Vehicle Actuators
3.2.3.5 Process Vehicle Sensor Data
3.2.4 Process Sensor Data for Automatic Vehicle Operations
6.7.1.2 Provide Driver Guidance Interface
6.7.1.3 Process Vehicle Location Data
6.7.1.4 Update Vehicle Navigable Map Database
6.7.3.3 Provide Driver Information Interface
Vehicle Control Automation 3.2.3.3 Process Data for Vehicle Actuators
3.2.3.4.1 Provide Servo Control
3.2.3.4.2 Provide Vehicle Control Data Interface
Vehicle Control Warning 3.1.1 Produce Collision and Crash Avoidance Data
3.1.3 Process Vehicle On-board Data
3.2.3.3 Process Data for Vehicle Actuators
3.2.3.5 Process Vehicle Sensor Data
6.7.3.3 Provide Driver Information Interface

Physical

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Includes Physical Objects:

Physical Object Class Description
Basic Vehicle Vehicle 'Basic Vehicle' represents a complete operating vehicle. It includes the vehicle platform that interfaces with and hosts ITS electronics and all of the driver convenience and entertainment systems, and other non-ITS electronics on-board the vehicle. Interfaces represent both internal on-board interfaces between ITS equipment and other vehicle systems and other passive and active external interfaces or views of the vehicle that support vehicle/traffic monitoring and management. External interfaces may also represent equipment that is carried into the vehicle (e.g., a smartphone that is brought into the vehicle). Internal interfaces are often implemented through a vehicle databus, which is also included in this object. Note that 'Vehicle' represents the general functions and interfaces that are associated with personal automobiles as well as commercial vehicles, emergency vehicles, transit vehicles, and other specialized vehicles.
Commercial Vehicle Driver Vehicle The 'Commercial Vehicle Driver' represents the people that operate vehicles transporting goods, including both long haul trucks and local pick-up and delivery vans. This physical object is complementary to the Driver physical object in that it represents those interactions which are unique to Commercial Vehicle Operations. Information flowing from the Commercial Vehicle Driver includes those system inputs specific to Commercial Vehicle Operations.
Commercial Vehicle OBE Vehicle The Commercial Vehicle On-Board Equipment (OBE) resides in a commercial vehicle and provides the sensory, processing, storage, and communications functions necessary to support safe and efficient commercial vehicle operations. It provides two-way communications between the commercial vehicle drivers, their fleet managers, attached freight equipment, and roadside officials. A separate 'Vehicle OBE' physical object supports vehicle safety and driver information capabilities that apply to all vehicles, including commercial vehicles. The Commercial Vehicle OBE supplements these general ITS capabilities with capabilities that are specific to commercial vehicles.
Driver Vehicle The 'Driver' represents the person that operates a vehicle on the roadway. Included are operators of private, transit, commercial, and emergency vehicles where the interactions are not particular to the type of vehicle (e.g., interactions supporting vehicle safety applications). The Driver originates driver requests and receives driver information that reflects the interactions which might be useful to all drivers, regardless of vehicle classification. Information and interactions which are unique to drivers of a specific vehicle type (e.g., fleet interactions with transit, commercial, or emergency vehicle drivers) are covered by separate objects.
Emergency Personnel Vehicle 'Emergency Personnel' represents personnel that are responsible for police, fire, emergency medical services, towing, service patrols, and other special response team (e.g., hazardous material clean-up) activities at an incident site. These personnel are associated with the Emergency Vehicle during dispatch to the incident site, but often work independently of the Emergency Vehicle while providing their incident response services.
Emergency Vehicle OBE Vehicle The Emergency Vehicle On-Board Equipment (OBE) resides in an emergency vehicle and provides the processing, storage, and communications functions that support public safety-related connected vehicle applications. It represents a range of vehicles including those operated by police, fire, and emergency medical services. In addition, it represents other incident response vehicles including towing and recovery vehicles and freeway service patrols. It includes two-way communications to support coordinated response to emergencies. A separate 'Vehicle OBE' physical object supports the general vehicle safety and driver information capabilities that apply to all vehicles, including emergency vehicles. The Emergency Vehicle OBE supplements these general capabilities with capabilities that are specific to emergency vehicles.
Maint and Constr Vehicle OBE Vehicle The 'Maint and Constr Vehicle OBE' resides in a maintenance, construction, or other specialized service vehicle or equipment and provides the processing, storage, and communications functions necessary to support highway maintenance and construction. All types of maintenance and construction vehicles are covered, including heavy equipment, supervisory vehicles, unmanned remote controlled field maintenance robots, and sensory platforms that may be wheeled or low altitude aerial vehicles (e.g. drones, balloons). The MCV OBE provides two-way communications between drivers/operators and dispatchers and maintains and communicates current location and status information. A wide range of operational status is monitored, measured, and made available, depending on the specific type of vehicle or equipment. A snow plow for example, would monitor whether the plow is up or down and material usage information. The Maint and Constr Vehicle OBE may also contain capabilities to monitor vehicle systems to support maintenance of the vehicle itself. A separate 'Vehicle OBE' physical object supports the general vehicle safety and driver information capabilities that apply to all vehicles, including maintenance and construction vehicles. The Maint and Constr Vehicle OBE supplements these general capabilities with capabilities that are specific to maintenance and construction vehicles.
Maint and Constr Vehicle Operator Vehicle The operator of maintenance, construction, or other specialized service vehicles or equipment. Represents the maintenance and construction vehicle operators. The operator provides input specific to maintenance and construction vehicle operations, including the status of maintenance actions. Information provided to the operator includes dispatch requests and maintenance and construction actions to be performed.
Transit Vehicle OBE Vehicle The Transit Vehicle On-Board equipment (OBE) resides in a transit vehicle and provides the sensory, processing, storage, and communications functions necessary to support safe and efficient movement of passengers. The types of transit vehicles containing this physical object include buses, paratransit vehicles, light rail vehicles, other vehicles designed to carry passengers, and supervisory vehicles. It collects ridership levels and supports electronic fare collection. It supports a traffic signal prioritization function that communicates with the roadside physical object to improve on-schedule performance. Automated vehicle location enhances the information available to the transit operator enabling more efficient operations. On-board sensors support transit vehicle maintenance. The physical object supports on-board security and safety monitoring. This monitoring includes transit user or vehicle operator activated alarms (silent or audible), as well as surveillance and sensor equipment. The surveillance equipment includes video (e.g. CCTV cameras), audio systems and/or event recorder systems. It also furnishes travelers with real-time travel information, continuously updated schedules, transfer options, routes, and fares. A separate 'Vehicle OBE' physical object supports the general vehicle safety and driver information capabilities that apply to all vehicles, including transit vehicles. The Transit Vehicle OBE supplements these general capabilities with capabilities that are specific to transit vehicles.
Transit Vehicle Operator Vehicle The 'Transit Vehicle Operator' represents the person that receives and provides additional information that is specific to operating the ITS functions in all types of transit vehicles. The information received by the operator would include status of on-board systems. Additional information received depends upon the type of transit vehicle. In the case of fixed route transit vehicles, the Transit Vehicle Operator would receive operator instructions that might include actions to take to correct schedule deviations. In the case of flexible fixed routes and demand response routes the information would also include dynamic routing or passenger pickup information.
Vehicle OBE Vehicle The Vehicle On-Board Equipment (OBE) provides the vehicle-based sensory, processing, storage, and communications functions that support efficient, safe, and convenient travel. The Vehicle OBE includes general capabilities that apply to passenger cars, trucks, and motorcycles. Many of these capabilities (e.g., see the Vehicle Safety service packages) apply to all vehicle types including personal vehicles, commercial vehicles, emergency vehicles, transit vehicles, and maintenance vehicles. From this perspective, the Vehicle OBE includes the common interfaces and functions that apply to all motorized vehicles. The radio(s) supporting V2V and V2I communications are a key component of the Vehicle OBE. Both one-way and two-way communications options support a spectrum of information services from basic broadcast to advanced personalized information services. Route guidance capabilities assist in formulation of an optimal route and step by step guidance along the travel route. Advanced sensors, processors, enhanced driver interfaces, and actuators complement the driver information services so that, in addition to making informed mode and route selections, the driver travels these routes in a safer and more consistent manner. This physical object supports all six levels of driving automation as defined in SAE J3016. Initial collision avoidance functions provide 'vigilant co-pilot' driver warning capabilities. More advanced functions assume limited control of the vehicle to maintain lane position and safe headways. In the most advanced implementations, this Physical Object supports full automation of all aspects of the driving task, aided by communications with other vehicles in the vicinity and in coordination with supporting infrastructure subsystems.
Vehicles Vehicle 'Vehicles' represents the external view of individual vehicles. It includes vehicle physical characteristics such as height, width, length, weight, and other properties (e.g., magnetic properties, number of axles) of individual vehicles that can be sensed and measured or classified. This physical object represents the physical properties of vehicles that can be sensed by vehicle-based or infrastructure-based sensors to support vehicle automation and traffic sensor systems. The analog properties provided by this terminator represent the sensor inputs that are used to detect and assess vehicle(s) within the sensor's range to support safe AV operation and/or safe traffic management.

Includes Functional Objects:

Functional Object Description Physical Object
CV On-Board Special Vehicle Safety 'CV On-Board Special Vehicle Safety' alerts vehicles in the vicinity of a commercial vehicle that is oversized, slow, or performs maneuvers that may impact surrounding vehicles. Commercial Vehicle OBE
EV On-Board En Route Support 'EV On-Board En Route Support' provides communications functions to responding emergency vehicles that reduce response times and improve safety of responding public safety personnel and the general public. It supports traffic signal preemption via short range communication directly with signal control equipment and sends alert messages to surrounding vehicles. Emergency Vehicle OBE
MCV Vehicle Safety Monitoring 'MCV Vehicle Safety Monitoring' detects vehicle intrusions in the vicinity of the vehicle and warns crew workers and drivers of imminent encroachment. Crew movements are also monitored so that the crew can be warned of movement beyond the designated safe zone. It can be used for stationary work zones or in mobile applications where a safe zone is maintained around the moving vehicle. Maint and Constr Vehicle OBE
Transit Vehicle V2V Safety 'Transit Vehicle V2V Safety' exchanges current vehicle location and motion information with other vehicles in the vicinity, uses that information to predict vehicle paths, and notifies the driver when the potential for an impending collision is detected. Information from on-board sensors (e.g., radars and image processing) are used to augment the V2V communications, if available. In addition to notifying the driver, control information can also be provided to support automated control functions that can avoid the collision. This object is similar to the 'Vehicle Basic V2V Safety', but it accounts for crash scenarios that are unique to transit vehicles (e.g., Vehicle Turning Right in Front of Bus). It is also stop-aware since stop locations pose specific crash threats for transit vehicles. Finally, the detection and control algorithms, filters, and timing account for bus performance and risk profiles associated with remote vehicles that are unique to transit. Transit Vehicle OBE
Vehicle Basic Safety Communication 'Vehicle Basic Safety Communication' exchanges current vehicle location and motion information with other vehicles in the vicinity, uses that information to calculate vehicle paths, and warns the driver when the potential for an impending collision is detected. If available, map data is used to filter and interpret the relative location and motion of vehicles in the vicinity. Information from on-board sensors (e.g., radars and image processing) are also used, if available, in combination with the V2V communications to detect non-equipped vehicles and corroborate connected vehicle data. Vehicle location and motion broadcasts are also received by the infrastructure and used by the infrastructure to support a wide range of roadside safety and mobility applications. This object represents a broad range of implementations ranging from basic Vehicle Awareness Devices that only broadcast vehicle location and motion and provide no driver warnings to advanced integrated safety systems that may, in addition to warning the driver, provide collision warning information to support automated control functions that can support control intervention. Vehicle OBE
Vehicle Control Automation 'Vehicle Control Automation' provides lateral and/or longitudinal control of a vehicle to allow 'hands off' and/or 'feet off' driving, automating the steering, accelerator, and brake control functions. It builds on the sensors included in 'Vehicle Safety Monitoring' and 'Vehicle Control Warning' and uses the information about the area surrounding the vehicle to safely control the vehicle. It covers the range of incremental control capabilities from driver assistance systems that take over steering or acceleration/deceleration in limited scenarios with direct monitoring by the driver to full automation where all aspects of driving are automated under all roadway and environmental conditions. Vehicle OBE
Vehicle Control Warning 'Vehicle Control Warning' monitors areas around the vehicle and provides warnings to a driver so the driver can take action to recover and maintain safe control of the vehicle. It includes lateral warning systems that warn of lane departures and obstacles or vehicles to the sides of the vehicle and longitudinal warning systems that monitor areas in the vehicle path and provide warnings when headways are insufficient or obstacles are detected in front of or behind the vehicle. It includes on-board sensors, including radars and imaging systems, and the driver information system that provides the visual, audible, and/or haptic warnings to the driver. Vehicle OBE

Includes Information Flows:

Information Flow Description
cv driver information presentation Presentation of information to the commercial vehicle driver that includes current status of on-board systems.
cv driver input This flow represents the tactile or auditory interface with ITS equipment containing the commercial vehicle driver and vehicle information. This flow contains inquiries to the commercial vehicle managing system, interaction with on-board equipment including setup, configuration, and initiation of self tests, and entry of carrier, driver, vehicle, and route information.
driver input Driver input to the vehicle on-board equipment including configuration data, settings and preferences, interactive requests, and control commands.
driver input information Driver input received from the driver-vehicle interface equipment via the vehicle bus. It includes configuration data, settings and preferences, interactive requests, and control commands for the connected vehicle on-board equipment.
driver update information Information provided to the driver-vehicle interface to inform the driver about current conditions, potential hazards, and the current status of vehicle on-board equipment. The flow includes the information to be presented to the driver and associated metadata that supports processing, prioritization, and presentation by the DVI as visual displays, audible information and warnings, and/or haptic feedback.
driver updates Information provided to the driver including visual displays, audible information and warnings, and haptic feedback. The updates inform the driver about current conditions, potential hazards, and the current status of vehicle on-board equipment.
emergency personnel information presentation Presentation of information to emergency personnel in the field including dispatch information, incident information, current road network conditions, device status, and other supporting information.
emergency personnel input User input from emergency personnel in the field including dispatch coordination, incident status information, and remote device control requests.
host vehicle status Information provided to the ITS on-board equipment from other systems on the vehicle platform. This includes the current status of the powertrain, steering, and braking systems, and status of other safety and convenience systems. In implementations where GPS is not integrated into the Vehicle On-Board Equipment, the host vehicle is also the source for data describing the vehicle's location in three dimensions (latitude, longitude, elevation) and accurate time that can be used for time synchronization across the ITS environment.
maint and constr vehicle operator input User input from field personnel including current maintenance and construction status information as well as on-board device control.
maint and constr vehicle operator presentation Information presented to maintenance and construction field personnel including vehicle routing and traffic information, road restrictions, environmental information, decision support information, maintenance schedules, dispatch instructions, maintenance personnel assignments, vehicle maintenance information, work zone status information, and corrective actions.
special vehicle alert Notification that a vehicle is in the vicinity that requires special attention from drivers. In this context, 'special vehicle' refers to any type of vehicle that uses lights or placards to alert drivers including public safety vehicles, oversize vehicles, slow vehicles, and service vehicles that stop and back up frequently.
transit vehicle operator display Visual, audible, and tactile outputs to the transit vehicle operator including vehicle surveillance information, alarm information, vehicle system status, information from the operations center, and information indicating the status of all other on-board ITS services.
transit vehicle operator information Transit service instructions, wide area alerts, traffic information, road conditions, and other information for both transit and paratransit operators.
vehicle characteristics The physical or visible characteristics of individual vehicles that can be used to detect, classify, and monitor vehicles and imaged to uniquely identify vehicles.
vehicle control Control commands issued to vehicle actuators that control steering, throttle, and braking and other related commands that support safe transition between manual and automated vehicle control. This flow can also deploy restraints and other safety systems when a collision is unavoidable.

Goals and Objectives

Associated Planning Factors and Goals

Planning Factor Goal
B. Increase the safety of the transportation system for motorized and nonmotorized users; Achieve a significant reduction in traffic fatalities and serious injuries on all public roads
C. Increase the security of the transportation system for motorized and nonmotorized users; Improve the security of the transportation system

Associated Objective Categories

Objective Category
Emergency/Incident Management: Incident Duration
Safety: Vehicle Crashes and Fatalities

Associated Objectives and Performance Measures

Objective Performance Measure
Reduce crashes at intersections Number of crashes and fatalities at signalized intersections
Reduce crashes at intersections Number of crashes and fatalities at unsignalized intersections
Reduce crashes at intersections Number of crashes and fatalities related to red-light running
Reduce crashes due to driver errors and limitations Number of crashes and fatalities related to driver inattention and distraction
Reduce crashes due to driver errors and limitations Number of crashes and fatalities related to driving while intoxicated
Reduce crashes due to unsafe drivers, vehicles and cargo on the transportation system Number of crashes and fatalities due to commercial vehicle safety violations
Reduce mean time for needed responders to arrive on-scene after notification by X percent over Y years. Mean time for needed responders to arrive on-scene after notification.
Reduce secondary crashes Number of secondary crashes
Reduce the rate fatalities in the region by X percent by year Y. Rate of fatalities (rate per vehicle miles travelled (VMT))
Reduce the rate of severe injuries in the region by X percent by year Y. Rate of serious injuries (rate per VMT)
Reduce the total number of crashes in the region by X percent by year Y. Total crashes per X VMT.
Reduce the total number of fatalities and severe injuries in the region by X percent by year Y. Total fatalities per X VMT.
Reduce the total number of fatalities and severe injuries in the region by X percent by year Y. Total severe injuries per X VMT.
Reduce the total number of fatalities in the region by X percent by year Y. Number of fatalities
Reduce the total number of severe injuries in the region by X percent by year Y. Number of serious injuries


 
Since the mapping between objectives and service packages is not always straight-forward and often situation-dependent, these mappings should only be used as a starting point. Users should do their own analysis to identify the best service packages for their region.

Needs and Requirements

Need Functional Object Requirement
01 The Driver needs to receive warnings of nearby special vehicles (which can include emergency vehicles, maintenance vehicles, or oversize commercial vehicles) if those special vehicles are approaching the Driver's Vehicle in order to allow the driver to take appropriate actions. CV On-Board Special Vehicle Safety 01 The commercial vehicle shall the vehicle's location, speed and direction to other vehicles in the area.
EV On-Board En Route Support 09 The emergency vehicle shall send the vehicle's location, speed and direction to other vehicles in the area.
MCV Vehicle Safety Monitoring 07 The maintenance and construction vehicle shall the vehicle's location, speed and direction to other vehicles in the area.
Transit Vehicle V2V Safety 01 The transit vehicle shall exchange current vehicle location and motion information with other vehicles in the vicinity
02 The transit vehicle shall provide to other vehicles an indication of its intent to leave a transit stop.
Vehicle Basic Safety Communication 02 The vehicle shall provide its location with road-level accuracy to on-board applications.
05 The vehicle shall exchange location and motion information with roadside equipment and nearby vehicles.
Vehicle Control Warning 06 The vehicle shall be able to receive emergency vehicle location information.
07 The vehicle shall notify the Driver of the presence of emergency vehicles nearby that may affect the host vehicle.
02 The Connected Vehicle needs to be able to provide warnings to the driver or control actions to the vehicle based upon warnings received from nearby special vehicles. Vehicle Control Automation 12 The vehicle shall be capable of performing control actions based upon warnings received from nearby special vehicles.
Vehicle Control Warning 08 The vehicle shall provide warnings to the driver based upon warnings received from nearby special vehicles.
09 The Vehicle shall provide its location with lane-level accuracy to on-board warning applications.

Related Sources

Document Name Version Publication Date
CO-UMP Emergency Vehicle Warning 5/31/2021
ITS User Services Document 1/1/2005
SAE J3067- Candidate Improvements to Dedicated Short Range Communications (DSRC) Message Set Dictionary (SAE J2735)Using Systems Engineering Methods 8/15/2014


Security

In order to participate in this service package, each physical object should meet or exceed the following security levels.

Physical Object Security
Physical Object Confidentiality Integrity Availability Security Class
Basic Vehicle  
Commercial Vehicle OBE Not Applicable High Moderate Class 3
Emergency Vehicle OBE Not Applicable High Moderate Class 3
Maint and Constr Vehicle OBE Not Applicable High Moderate Class 3
Transit Vehicle OBE Not Applicable High Moderate Class 3
Vehicle OBE Not Applicable Low Moderate Class 1
Vehicles  



In order to participate in this service package, each information flow triple should meet or exceed the following security levels.

Information Flow Security
Source Destination Information Flow Confidentiality Integrity Availability
Basis Basis Basis
Basic Vehicle Vehicle OBE driver input information Moderate High High
Internal vehicle flow that if reverse engineered could enable third party vehicle control. Largely a competitive question, could be set LOW if manufacturer and operator are not concerned with this type of compromise. Includes vehicle control commands, which must be timely and accurate to support safe vehicle operation. Includes vehicle control commands, which must be timely and accurate to support safe vehicle operation.
Basic Vehicle Vehicle OBE host vehicle status Low Moderate High
Unlikely that this includes any information that could be used against the originator. This can be MODERATE or HIGH, depending on the application: This is used later on to determine whether a vehicle is likely going to violate a red light or infringe a work zone. This needs to be correct in order for the application to work correctly. Since this monitors the health and safety of the vehicle and that information is eventually reported to the driver, it should be available at all times as it directly affects vehicle and operator safety.
Commercial Vehicle Driver Commercial Vehicle OBE cv driver input Moderate Moderate Moderate
Commercial Vehicle Operations human interfaces should not be casually viewable for competitive and physical security reasons. Data should be correct as it relates to CVO, however there is generally another mechanism to double-check this data, which is why it is MODERATE and not HIGH. Flow should be available as it relates to CVO, however there is generally another mechanism through which this data might be received, which is why it is MODERATE and not HIGH.
Commercial Vehicle OBE Commercial Vehicle Driver cv driver information presentation Low Moderate Moderate
This data is informing the driver of operational information that is relevant to the operation of the vehicle. It should not contain anything sensitive, and does not matter if another person can observe it. Data should be correct as it relates to CVO, however there is generally another mechanism to double-check this data, which is why it is MODERATE and not HIGH. Flow should be available as it relates to CVO, however there is generally another mechanism through which this data might be received, which is why it is MODERATE and not HIGH.
Commercial Vehicle OBE Vehicle OBE special vehicle alert Not Applicable High Moderate
This flow is effectively broadcast and intended for all, so no need to obfuscate its contents. The recipient must be sure that the originator is legitimate, as many of these alerts demand action by the recipient (pull over, make way, etc.). Since this power could easily be abused, it should be difficult to forge. Since this power is also often tied to emergency vehicle (life-saving) activity, it should not be interfered with. Availability is MODERATE because other mechanism (sirens, flashing lights) exist to provide the same message. The recipient must be sure that the originator is legitimate, as many of these alerts demand action by the recipient (pull over, make way, etc.). Since this power could easily be abused, it should be difficult to forge. Since this power is also often tied to emergency vehicle (life-saving) activity, it should not be interfered with. Availability is MODERATE because other mechanism (sirens, flashing lights) exist to provide the same message.
Driver Vehicle OBE driver input Moderate High High
Data included in this flow may include origin and destination information, which should be protected from other's viewing as it may compromise the driver's privacy. Commands from from the driver to the vehicle must be correct or the vehicle may behave in an unpredictable and possibly unsafe manner Commands must always be able to be given or the driver has no control.
Emergency Personnel Emergency Vehicle OBE emergency personnel input Moderate Moderate Moderate
Some of the information, such as incident status information, is sensitive, and should be protected. The system must know that these requests came from actual Emergency Personal. Additionally, incorrect information here may lead to the system responding incorrectly to the incident These messages are important for the system to operate properly. Additionally, the system must know if messages are not received so that it can act accordingly.
Emergency Vehicle OBE Emergency Personnel emergency personnel information presentation Moderate Moderate Moderate
Some of this information, such as incident information, is sensitive and should be protected. This information could affect how the Emergency Personnel respond to the event, and should be as accurate as possible. This information needs to be available for the Emergency Personnel in order for them to respond accurately to the system. If they do not acknowledge this information, dispatch needs to know, so they can attempt to contact the Emergency Personnel via another channel, such as radio.
Emergency Vehicle OBE Vehicle OBE special vehicle alert Not Applicable High Moderate
This flow is effectively broadcast and intended for all, so no need to obfuscate its contents. The recipient must be sure that the originator is legitimate, as many of these alerts demand action by the recipient (pull over, make way, etc.). Since this power could easily be abused, it should be difficult to forge. Since this power is also often tied to emergency vehicle (life-saving) activity, it should not be interfered with. Availability is MODERATE because other mechanism (sirens, flashing lights) exist to provide the same message. The recipient must be sure that the originator is legitimate, as many of these alerts demand action by the recipient (pull over, make way, etc.). Since this power could easily be abused, it should be difficult to forge. Since this power is also often tied to emergency vehicle (life-saving) activity, it should not be interfered with. Availability is MODERATE because other mechanism (sirens, flashing lights) exist to provide the same message.
Maint and Constr Vehicle OBE Maint and Constr Vehicle Operator maint and constr vehicle operator presentation Moderate High High
System maintenance flows should have some protection from casual viewing, as otherwise imposters could gain illicit control over the MCV. System maintenance flows are the primary interface between field personnel and field equipment, and must present accurate data or inappropriate maintenance actions may be taken. System maintenance flows are the primary interface between field personnel and field equipment, and must present accurate data or inappropriate maintenance actions may be taken.
Maint and Constr Vehicle OBE Vehicle OBE special vehicle alert Not Applicable High Moderate
This flow is effectively broadcast and intended for all, so no need to obfuscate its contents. The recipient must be sure that the originator is legitimate, as many of these alerts demand action by the recipient (pull over, make way, etc.). Since this power could easily be abused, it should be difficult to forge. Since this power is also often tied to emergency vehicle (life-saving) activity, it should not be interfered with. Availability is MODERATE because other mechanism (sirens, flashing lights) exist to provide the same message. The recipient must be sure that the originator is legitimate, as many of these alerts demand action by the recipient (pull over, make way, etc.). Since this power could easily be abused, it should be difficult to forge. Since this power is also often tied to emergency vehicle (life-saving) activity, it should not be interfered with. Availability is MODERATE because other mechanism (sirens, flashing lights) exist to provide the same message.
Maint and Constr Vehicle Operator Maint and Constr Vehicle OBE maint and constr vehicle operator input Not Applicable Moderate High
Observation of control or status information is unlikely to have any value to a third party; actions of field personnel should be observable anyway. Any driver/operator interaction with vehicle systems needs some assurance of correctness; corruption of this information could lead to unexpected vehicle behavior which poses a limited safety risk. Without direct local control of vehicle systems the vehicle is essentially uncontrolled.
Transit Vehicle OBE Transit Vehicle Operator transit vehicle operator display Low Moderate Low
This should not include any sensitive information. It would be possible for a person standing behind the driver to observe the information transmitted. Some minimal guarantee of data integrity is necessary for all C-ITS flows. This entire application should not directly affect the drivers driving habits. The operator should still be slowing and stopping at yellow or red lights, along with observing all other driving regulations. DISC: Original V2I analysis classified this as LOW. Even if the operator is not made aware of the signal preemption, the system should still operate correctly. The operator should be using the traffic lights to influence their decision about whether or not to stop, not the display.
Transit Vehicle OBE Vehicle OBE special vehicle alert Not Applicable High Moderate
This flow is effectively broadcast and intended for all, so no need to obfuscate its contents. The recipient must be sure that the originator is legitimate, as many of these alerts demand action by the recipient (pull over, make way, etc.). Since this power could easily be abused, it should be difficult to forge. Since this power is also often tied to emergency vehicle (life-saving) activity, it should not be interfered with. Availability is MODERATE because other mechanism (sirens, flashing lights) exist to provide the same message. The recipient must be sure that the originator is legitimate, as many of these alerts demand action by the recipient (pull over, make way, etc.). Since this power could easily be abused, it should be difficult to forge. Since this power is also often tied to emergency vehicle (life-saving) activity, it should not be interfered with. Availability is MODERATE because other mechanism (sirens, flashing lights) exist to provide the same message.
Transit Vehicle Operator Transit Vehicle OBE transit vehicle operator information Low Moderate Moderate
While specifically relevant for transit operations, does not contain any information that would not be disseminated to other channels including the public. The transit vehicle operator will rely on this information to make decisions. Unavailable, Inaccurate or corrupted data will lead to difficulties maintaining vehicle performance (schedule adherence, etc.) The transit vehicle operator will rely on this information to make decisions. Unavailable, Inaccurate or corrupted data will lead to difficulties maintaining vehicle performance (schedule adherence, etc.)
Vehicle OBE Basic Vehicle driver update information Low Moderate Moderate
This information is all presented to the vehicle operator. Encrypting this information may make it harder to reverse engineer vehicle systems, and may defeat criminal tracking tools when the vehicle has already been compromised. Unless those scenarios are of concern to the operator or manufacturer, this can safely be set LOW. Any information presented to the operator of a vehicle should be both accurate and timely. By definition this includes safety information, but given that the driver has other means of learning about most threats, it seems difficult to justify HIGH. If HIGH is warranted, it should apply to both availability and integrity. Any information presented to the operator of a vehicle should be both accurate and timely. By definition this includes safety information, but given that the driver has other means of learning about most threats, it seems difficult to justify HIGH. If HIGH is warranted, it should apply to both availability and integrity.
Vehicle OBE Basic Vehicle vehicle control Moderate High High
Internal vehicle flow that if reverse engineered could enable third party vehicle control. Largely a competitive question, could be set LOW if manufacturer and operator are not concerned with this type of compromise. Includes vehicle control commands, which must be timely and accurate to support safe vehicle operation. Includes vehicle control commands, which must be timely and accurate to support safe vehicle operation.
Vehicle OBE Driver driver updates Not Applicable Moderate Moderate
This data is informing the driver about the safety of a nearby area. It should not contain anything sensitive, and does not matter if another person can observe it. This is the information that is presented to the driver. If they receive incorrect information, they may act in an unsafe manner. However, there are other indicators that would alert them to any hazards, such as an oncoming vehicle or crossing safety lights. If this information is not made available to the driver, then the system has not operated correctly.

Standards

Currently, there are no standards associated with the physical objects in this service package. For standards related to interfaces, see the specific information flow triple pages.