Link Type: Short Range Wireless

Transit Vehicle OBE --> Vehicle OBE:
special vehicle alert

Definitions

special vehicle alert (Information Flow): Notification that a vehicle is in the vicinity that requires special attention from drivers. In this context, 'special vehicle' refers to any type of vehicle that uses lights or placards to alert drivers including public safety vehicles, oversize vehicles, slow vehicles, and service vehicles that stop and back up frequently.

Transit Vehicle OBE (Source Physical Object): The Transit Vehicle On-Board equipment (OBE) resides in a transit vehicle and provides the sensory, processing, storage, and communications functions necessary to support safe and efficient movement of passengers. The types of transit vehicles containing this physical object include buses, paratransit vehicles, light rail vehicles, other vehicles designed to carry passengers, and supervisory vehicles. It collects ridership levels and supports electronic fare collection. It supports a traffic signal prioritization function that communicates with the roadside physical object to improve on-schedule performance. Automated vehicle location enhances the information available to the transit operator enabling more efficient operations. On-board sensors support transit vehicle maintenance. The physical object supports on-board security and safety monitoring. This monitoring includes transit user or vehicle operator activated alarms (silent or audible), as well as surveillance and sensor equipment. The surveillance equipment includes video (e.g. CCTV cameras), audio systems and/or event recorder systems. It also furnishes travelers with real-time travel information, continuously updated schedules, transfer options, routes, and fares. A separate 'Vehicle OBE' physical object supports the general vehicle safety and driver information capabilities that apply to all vehicles, including transit vehicles. The Transit Vehicle OBE supplements these general capabilities with capabilities that are specific to transit vehicles.

Vehicle OBE (Destination Physical Object): The Vehicle On-Board Equipment (OBE) provides the vehicle-based sensory, processing, storage, and communications functions that support efficient, safe, and convenient travel. The Vehicle OBE includes general capabilities that apply to passenger cars, trucks, and motorcycles. Many of these capabilities (e.g., see the Vehicle Safety service packages) apply to all vehicle types including personal vehicles, commercial vehicles, emergency vehicles, transit vehicles, and maintenance vehicles. From this perspective, the Vehicle OBE includes the common interfaces and functions that apply to all motorized vehicles. The radio(s) supporting V2V and V2I communications are a key component of the Vehicle OBE. Both one-way and two-way communications options support a spectrum of information services from basic broadcast to advanced personalized information services. Route guidance capabilities assist in formulation of an optimal route and step by step guidance along the travel route. Advanced sensors, processors, enhanced driver interfaces, and actuators complement the driver information services so that, in addition to making informed mode and route selections, the driver travels these routes in a safer and more consistent manner. This physical object supports all six levels of driving automation as defined in SAE J3016. Initial collision avoidance functions provide 'vigilant co-pilot' driver warning capabilities. More advanced functions assume limited control of the vehicle to maintain lane position and safe headways. In the most advanced implementations, this Physical Object supports full automation of all aspects of the driving task, aided by communications with other vehicles in the vicinity and in coordination with supporting infrastructure subsystems.

Included In

This Triple is in the following Service Packages:

This Triple is in the following Functional Objects:

This Triple is described by the following Functional View Data Flows:

This Triple has the following triple relationships:

Communication Solutions

Solutions are sorted in ascending Gap Severity order. The Gap Severity is the parenthetical number at the end of the solution.

Selected Solution

US: SAE Other J2735 - WAVE WSMP

Solution Description

This solution is used within the U.S.. It combines standards associated with US: SAE Other J2735 with those for V-X: WAVE WSMP. The US: SAE Other J2735 standards include upper-layer standards required to implement V2X information flows that do not yet have fully specified functionality and performance charcateristics. The V-X: WAVE WSMP standards include lower-layer standards that support connectionless, near constant, ultra-low latency vehicle-to-any communications within ~300m using the WAVE Short Messaging Protocol (WSMP) over IEEE WAVE in the 5.9GHz spectrum. The broadcast mode is interoperable with M5 FNTP.

ITS Application Entity
Mind the gapMind the gap

SAE J2735
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Facilities
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TransNet

IEEE 1609.3
Access
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Note that some layers might have alternatives, in which case all of the gap icons associated with every alternative may be shown on the diagram, but the solution severity calculations (and resulting ordering of solutions) includes only the issues associated with the default (i.e., best, least severe) alternative.

Characteristics

Characteristic Value
Time Context Now
Spatial Context Adjacent
Acknowledgement False
Cardinality Broadcast
Initiator Source
Authenticable True
Encrypt False


Interoperability Description
National This triple should be implemented consistently within the geopolitical region through which movement is essentially free (e.g., the United States, the European Union).

Security

Information Flow Security
  Confidentiality Integrity Availability
Rating Not Applicable High Moderate
Basis This flow is effectively broadcast and intended for all, so no need to obfuscate its contents. The recipient must be sure that the originator is legitimate, as many of these alerts demand action by the recipient (pull over, make way, etc.). Since this power could easily be abused, it should be difficult to forge. Since this power is also often tied to emergency vehicle (life-saving) activity, it should not be interfered with. Availability is MODERATE because other mechanism (sirens, flashing lights) exist to provide the same message. The recipient must be sure that the originator is legitimate, as many of these alerts demand action by the recipient (pull over, make way, etc.). Since this power could easily be abused, it should be difficult to forge. Since this power is also often tied to emergency vehicle (life-saving) activity, it should not be interfered with. Availability is MODERATE because other mechanism (sirens, flashing lights) exist to provide the same message.


Security Characteristics Value
Authenticable True
Encrypt False