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ST03: Eco-Traffic Metering

The Eco-Traffic Metering service package determines the most environmentally efficient operation of traffic signals at freeway on-ramps to manage the rate of entering automobiles. This service package collects traffic and environmental data from roadside sensors and connected vehicles to allow on-ramp merge operations that minimize overall emissions, including traffic and environmental conditions on the ramp and on the freeway upstream and downstream of the ramp. Using this information, the service package determines a timing plan for the ramp meter based on current and predicted traffic and environmental conditions.

Relevant Regions: Australia, Canada, European Union, and United States

Enterprise

Development Stage Roles and Relationships

Installation Stage Roles and Relationships

Operations Stage Roles and Relationships
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Source Destination Role/Relationship
Connected Vehicle Roadside Equipment Manager Connected Vehicle Roadside Equipment Manages
Connected Vehicle Roadside Equipment Owner Connected Vehicle Roadside Equipment Owns
Connected Vehicle Roadside Equipment Owner Connected Vehicle Roadside Equipment Manager Operations Agreement
Connected Vehicle Roadside Equipment Owner Emissions Management Center Owner Information Exchange Agreement
Connected Vehicle Roadside Equipment Owner ITS Roadway Equipment Owner Information Exchange and Action Agreement
Connected Vehicle Roadside Equipment Owner Traffic Management Center Owner Information Exchange Agreement
Connected Vehicle Roadside Equipment Owner Vehicle OBE Owner Expectation of Information Provision
Connected Vehicle Roadside Equipment Supplier Connected Vehicle Roadside Equipment Owner Warranty
Emissions Management Center Manager Emissions Management Center Manages
Emissions Management Center Owner Connected Vehicle Roadside Equipment Owner Information Exchange Agreement
Emissions Management Center Owner Emissions Management Center Owns
Emissions Management Center Owner Emissions Management Center Manager Operations Agreement
Emissions Management Center Owner Traffic Management Center Owner Information Provision Agreement
Emissions Management Center Supplier Emissions Management Center Owner Warranty
ITS Roadway Equipment Manager ITS Roadway Equipment Manages
ITS Roadway Equipment Owner Connected Vehicle Roadside Equipment Owner Information Exchange and Action Agreement
ITS Roadway Equipment Owner Emissions Management Center Owner Information Provision Agreement
ITS Roadway Equipment Owner ITS Roadway Equipment Owns
ITS Roadway Equipment Owner ITS Roadway Equipment Manager Operations Agreement
ITS Roadway Equipment Owner Traffic Management Center Owner Information Exchange Agreement
ITS Roadway Equipment Supplier ITS Roadway Equipment Owner Warranty
Traffic Management Center Manager Traffic Management Center Manages
Traffic Management Center Manager Traffic Operations Personnel System Usage Agreement
Traffic Management Center Owner Connected Vehicle Roadside Equipment Owner Information Exchange Agreement
Traffic Management Center Owner ITS Roadway Equipment Owner Information Exchange Agreement
Traffic Management Center Owner Traffic Management Center Owns
Traffic Management Center Owner Traffic Management Center Manager Operations Agreement
Traffic Management Center Supplier Traffic Management Center Owner Warranty
Traffic Operations Personnel Traffic Management Center Operates
Vehicle OBE Manager Vehicle OBE Manages
Vehicle OBE Owner Vehicle OBE Owns
Vehicle OBE Owner Vehicle OBE Manager Operations Agreement
Vehicle OBE Supplier Vehicle OBE Owner Warranty

Maintenance Stage Roles and Relationships

Functional

This service package includes the following Functional View PSpecs:

Physical Object Functional Object PSpec Number PSpec Name
Connected Vehicle Roadside Equipment RSE Emissions Monitoring 1.5.10 Collect Vehicle Emissions Messages
RSE Environmental Monitoring 1.1.1.6 Collect Vehicle Roadside Safety Data
1.1.2.6 Process Collected Vehicle Safety Data
1.1.6 Collect Vehicle Traffic Surveillance Data
1.1.7 Collect Vehicle Environmental Data
1.2.7.15 Process Intersection Safety Data
1.2.7.4 Process In-vehicle Signage Data
1.2.7.7 Process Vehicle Safety and Environmental Data for Output
1.5.10 Collect Vehicle Emissions Messages
1.5.12 Manage Eco Roadway Usage in Roadway
6.7.3.5 Provide Short Range Traveler Information
RSE Traffic Metering 1.1.2.6 Process Collected Vehicle Safety Data
1.2.7.4 Process In-vehicle Signage Data
RSE Traffic Monitoring 1.1.2.6 Process Collected Vehicle Safety Data
1.1.6 Collect Vehicle Traffic Surveillance Data
1.1.7 Collect Vehicle Environmental Data
1.2.7.15 Process Intersection Safety Data
1.2.7.4 Process In-vehicle Signage Data
6.7.3.5 Provide Short Range Traveler Information
9.3.3.5 Manage Speeds at Roadside
RSE Traveler Information Communications 1.1.1.6 Collect Vehicle Roadside Safety Data
1.1.2.6 Process Collected Vehicle Safety Data
1.2.7.4 Process In-vehicle Signage Data
1.2.7.7 Process Vehicle Safety and Environmental Data for Output
1.5.10 Collect Vehicle Emissions Messages
2.8.4.6 Exchange Border Clearance Roadside Information
6.7.3.5 Provide Short Range Traveler Information
9.2.3.8 Collect Connected Vehicle Field Equipment Status
9.3.3.5 Manage Speeds at Roadside
Emissions Management Center Emissions Connected Vehicle Monitoring 1.5.1 Provide Emissions Operations Personnel Interface
1.5.11 Process Connected Vehicle Emissions Data
1.5.2 Process Pollution Data
1.5.3 Manage Pollution State Data Store
1.5.7 Manage Emissions and Pollution Reference Data Stores
1.5.8 Manage Emissions Archive Data
1.5.9 Manage Emissions State Data Store
5.4.8 Process Emissions Violations
Emissions Data Management 1.5.1 Provide Emissions Operations Personnel Interface
1.5.11 Process Connected Vehicle Emissions Data
1.5.2 Process Pollution Data
1.5.3 Manage Pollution State Data Store
1.5.6 Process Vehicle Emissions Data
1.5.7 Manage Emissions and Pollution Reference Data Stores
1.5.9 Manage Emissions State Data Store
5.4.8 Process Emissions Violations
ITS Roadway Equipment Roadway Basic Surveillance 1.1.1.1 Process Traffic Sensor Data
1.1.1.7 Process Road User Protection
1.1.2.11 Control Dynamic Lanes
1.2.7.16 Process Signal Control Conflict Monitoring
1.2.7.2 Monitor Roadside Equipment Operation
1.2.7.8 Provide Device Interface to Other Roadway Devices
1.3.1.3 Process Traffic Images
9.2.3.6 Collect Field Equipment Status for Repair
9.3.3.1 Collect Vehicle Speed
Roadway Emissions Monitoring 1.2.7.2 Monitor Roadside Equipment Operation
1.2.7.8 Provide Device Interface to Other Roadway Devices
1.2.7.9 Process Roadway Information Data
1.5.4 Detect Vehicle Emissions Levels
1.5.5 Detect Pollution and Noise Levels
Roadway Environmental Monitoring 1.1.1.3 Process Environmental Sensor Data
1.2.7.1 Process Indicator Output Data for Roads
1.2.7.16 Process Signal Control Conflict Monitoring
1.2.7.2 Monitor Roadside Equipment Operation
1.2.7.8 Provide Device Interface to Other Roadway Devices
1.2.7.9 Process Roadway Information Data
9.2.3.6 Collect Field Equipment Status for Repair
9.3.3.1 Collect Vehicle Speed
Roadway Traffic Information Dissemination 1.2.7.1 Process Indicator Output Data for Roads
1.2.7.2 Monitor Roadside Equipment Operation
1.2.7.5 Process Indicator Output Data for Freeways
1.2.7.8 Provide Device Interface to Other Roadway Devices
1.2.7.9 Process Roadway Information Data
Roadway Traffic Metering 1.2.7.2 Monitor Roadside Equipment Operation
1.2.7.5 Process Indicator Output Data for Freeways
1.2.7.8 Provide Device Interface to Other Roadway Devices
Traffic Management Center TMC Basic Surveillance 1.1.2.1 Process Traffic Data for Storage
1.1.2.2 Process Traffic Data
1.1.2.3 Update Data Source Static Data
1.1.2.5 Process Vehicle Situation Data
1.1.2.8 Process Roadway Environmental Data
1.1.3 Generate Predictive Traffic Model
1.1.4.1 Retrieve Traffic Data
1.1.4.2 Provide Traffic Operations Personnel Traffic Data Interface
1.1.5 Exchange Data with Other Traffic Centers
1.2.6.1 Maintain Traffic and Sensor Static Data
1.2.8 Collect Traffic Field Equipment Fault Data
1.3.1.1 Analyze Traffic Data for Incidents
1.3.2.1 Store Possible Incident Data
1.3.2.5 Provide Current Incidents Store Interface
1.3.2.6 Manage Traffic Routing
1.3.4.2 Provide Traffic Operations Personnel Incident Interface
1.3.4.5 Process Video Data
TMC Environmental Monitoring 1.1.2.5 Process Vehicle Situation Data
1.1.2.8 Process Roadway Environmental Data
1.1.4.1 Retrieve Traffic Data
1.1.4.2 Provide Traffic Operations Personnel Traffic Data Interface
1.1.4.4 Manage Traffic Archive Data
1.1.5 Exchange Data with Other Traffic Centers
1.2.4.3 Output In-vehicle Signage Data
1.2.4.7 Manage Roadway Warning System
1.2.8 Collect Traffic Field Equipment Fault Data
TMC Traffic Information Dissemination 1.1.4.1 Retrieve Traffic Data
1.1.4.2 Provide Traffic Operations Personnel Traffic Data Interface
1.1.4.3 Provide Direct Media Traffic Data Interface
1.2.1 Select Strategy
1.2.4.3 Output In-vehicle Signage Data
1.2.4.4 Output Roadway Information Data
1.2.8 Collect Traffic Field Equipment Fault Data
1.3.1.1 Analyze Traffic Data for Incidents
1.3.2.1 Store Possible Incident Data
1.3.2.2 Review and Classify Possible Incidents
1.3.2.5 Provide Current Incidents Store Interface
1.3.2.6 Manage Traffic Routing
1.3.4.2 Provide Traffic Operations Personnel Incident Interface
1.3.4.5 Process Video Data
TMC Traffic Metering 1.1.4.2 Provide Traffic Operations Personnel Traffic Data Interface
1.2.1 Select Strategy
1.2.2.1 Determine Indicator State for Freeway Management
1.2.3 Determine Ramp State
1.2.4.2 Output Control Data for Freeways
1.2.4.3 Output In-vehicle Signage Data
Vehicle OBE Vehicle Basic Safety Communication 3.1.1 Produce Collision and Crash Avoidance Data
3.1.3 Process Vehicle On-board Data
3.1.4 Communicate with Remote Vehicles
3.1.6 Provide Vehicle Acceleration and Deceleration Inputs
3.2.3.2 Manage Platoon Following
3.2.3.3 Process Data for Vehicle Actuators
3.2.3.5 Process Vehicle Sensor Data
3.2.4 Process Sensor Data for Automatic Vehicle Operations
6.7.1.2 Provide Driver Guidance Interface
6.7.1.3 Process Vehicle Location Data
6.7.1.4 Update Vehicle Navigable Map Database
6.7.3.3 Provide Driver Information Interface
Vehicle Emissions Monitoring 3.1.3 Process Vehicle On-board Data
3.1.7 Process Vehicle Emissions Status
3.2.3.5 Process Vehicle Sensor Data
6.7.1.4 Update Vehicle Navigable Map Database
Vehicle Environmental Monitoring 3.1.3 Process Vehicle On-board Data
3.2.3.2 Manage Platoon Following
3.2.3.3 Process Data for Vehicle Actuators
3.2.3.5 Process Vehicle Sensor Data
3.2.4 Process Sensor Data for Automatic Vehicle Operations
6.7.1.3 Process Vehicle Location Data
6.7.1.4 Update Vehicle Navigable Map Database
6.7.3.1 Get Driver Personal Request
6.7.3.2 Provide Driver with Personal Travel Information
6.7.3.3 Provide Driver Information Interface
Vehicle Roadside Information Reception 3.1.3 Process Vehicle On-board Data
3.1.4 Communicate with Remote Vehicles
3.2.3.3 Process Data for Vehicle Actuators
6.7.1.2 Provide Driver Guidance Interface
6.7.1.3 Process Vehicle Location Data
6.7.1.4 Update Vehicle Navigable Map Database
6.7.3.1 Get Driver Personal Request
6.7.3.2 Provide Driver with Personal Travel Information
6.7.3.3 Provide Driver Information Interface
7.1.4 Provide Driver Toll Payment Interface

Physical

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Includes Physical Objects:

Physical Object Class Description
Connected Vehicle Roadside Equipment Field 'Connected Vehicle Roadside Equipment' (CV RSE) represents the Connected Vehicle roadside devices that are used to send messages to, and receive messages from, nearby vehicles using Dedicated Short Range Communications (DSRC) or other alternative wireless communications technologies. Communications with adjacent field equipment and back office centers that monitor and control the RSE are also supported. This device operates from a fixed position and may be permanently deployed or a portable device that is located temporarily in the vicinity of a traffic incident, road construction, or a special event. It includes a processor, data storage, and communications capabilities that support secure communications with passing vehicles, other field equipment, and centers.
Driver Vehicle The 'Driver' represents the person that operates a vehicle on the roadway. Included are operators of private, transit, commercial, and emergency vehicles where the interactions are not particular to the type of vehicle (e.g., interactions supporting vehicle safety applications). The Driver originates driver requests and receives driver information that reflects the interactions which might be useful to all drivers, regardless of vehicle classification. Information and interactions which are unique to drivers of a specific vehicle type (e.g., fleet interactions with transit, commercial, or emergency vehicle drivers) are covered by separate objects.
Emissions Management Center Center The 'Emissions Management Center' provides the capabilities for air quality managers to monitor and manage air quality. These capabilities include collecting emissions data from distributed emissions sensors (included in ITS Roadway Equipment) and directly from connected vehicles. The sensors monitor general air quality and also monitor the emissions of individual vehicles on the roadway. The measures are collected, processed, and used to support environmental monitoring applications.
ITS Roadway Equipment Field 'ITS Roadway Equipment' represents the ITS equipment that is distributed on and along the roadway that monitors and controls traffic and monitors and manages the roadway. This physical object includes traffic detectors, environmental sensors, traffic signals, highway advisory radios, dynamic message signs, CCTV cameras and video image processing systems, grade crossing warning systems, and ramp metering systems. Lane management systems and barrier systems that control access to transportation infrastructure such as roadways, bridges and tunnels are also included. This object also provides environmental monitoring including sensors that measure road conditions, surface weather, and vehicle emissions. Work zone systems including work zone surveillance, traffic control, driver warning, and work crew safety systems are also included.
Traffic Management Center Center The 'Traffic Management Center' monitors and controls traffic and the road network. It represents centers that manage a broad range of transportation facilities including freeway systems, rural and suburban highway systems, and urban and suburban traffic control systems. It communicates with ITS Roadway Equipment and Connected Vehicle Roadside Equipment (RSE) to monitor and manage traffic flow and monitor the condition of the roadway, surrounding environmental conditions, and field equipment status. It manages traffic and transportation resources to support allied agencies in responding to, and recovering from, incidents ranging from minor traffic incidents through major disasters.
Traffic Operations Personnel Center 'Traffic Operations Personnel' represents the people that operate a traffic management center. These personnel interact with traffic control systems, traffic surveillance systems, incident management systems, work zone management systems, and travel demand management systems. They provide operator data and command inputs to direct system operations to varying degrees depending on the type of system and the deployment scenario.
Vehicle OBE Vehicle The Vehicle On-Board Equipment (OBE) provides the vehicle-based sensory, processing, storage, and communications functions that support efficient, safe, and convenient travel. The Vehicle OBE includes general capabilities that apply to passenger cars, trucks, and motorcycles. Many of these capabilities (e.g., see the Vehicle Safety service packages) apply to all vehicle types including personal vehicles, commercial vehicles, emergency vehicles, transit vehicles, and maintenance vehicles. From this perspective, the Vehicle OBE includes the common interfaces and functions that apply to all motorized vehicles. The radio(s) supporting V2V and V2I communications are a key component of the Vehicle OBE. Both one-way and two-way communications options support a spectrum of information services from basic broadcast to advanced personalized information services. Route guidance capabilities assist in formulation of an optimal route and step by step guidance along the travel route. Advanced sensors, processors, enhanced driver interfaces, and actuators complement the driver information services so that, in addition to making informed mode and route selections, the driver travels these routes in a safer and more consistent manner. This physical object supports all six levels of driving automation as defined in SAE J3016. Initial collision avoidance functions provide 'vigilant co-pilot' driver warning capabilities. More advanced functions assume limited control of the vehicle to maintain lane position and safe headways. In the most advanced implementations, this Physical Object supports full automation of all aspects of the driving task, aided by communications with other vehicles in the vicinity and in coordination with supporting infrastructure subsystems.

Includes Functional Objects:

Functional Object Description Physical Object
Emissions Connected Vehicle Monitoring 'Emissions Connected Vehicle Monitoring' collects emissions data reported by passing vehicles and uses this data to support air quality management and planning. Coordination with traffic management supports air quality-responsive management of traffic. Emissions Management Center
Emissions Data Management 'Emissions Data Management' collects and stores air quality and vehicle emissions information by remotely monitoring and controlling area wide and point sensors. General air quality measures are distributed as general traveler information and also may be used in demand management programs. Collected roadside emissions are analyzed and used to detect, identify, and notify concerned parties regarding vehicles that exceed emissions standards. Emissions Management Center
Roadway Basic Surveillance 'Roadway Basic Surveillance' monitors traffic conditions using fixed equipment such as loop detectors and CCTV cameras. ITS Roadway Equipment
Roadway Emissions Monitoring 'Roadway Emissions Monitoring' monitors emissions and general air quality and communicates the collected information back to the Emissions Management Center where it can be monitored, analyzed, and used. This functional object supports point monitoring of individual vehicle emissions as well as general monitoring of standard air quality measures. ITS Roadway Equipment
Roadway Environmental Monitoring 'Roadway Environmental Monitoring' measures environmental conditions and communicates the collected information back to a center where it can be monitored and analyzed or to other field devices to support communications to vehicles. A broad array of weather and road surface information may be collected. Weather conditions that may be measured include temperature, wind, humidity, precipitation, and visibility. Surface and sub-surface sensors can measure road surface temperature, moisture, icing, salinity, and other metrics. ITS Roadway Equipment
Roadway Traffic Information Dissemination 'Roadway Traffic Information Dissemination' includes field elements that provide information to drivers, including dynamic message signs and highway advisory radios. ITS Roadway Equipment
Roadway Traffic Metering 'Roadway Traffic Metering' includes the field equipment used to meter traffic on ramps, through interchanges, and on the mainline roadway. The equipment includes dynamic messages signs to provide guidance and information to drivers at and approaching a meter, including information for any special bypass lanes. ITS Roadway Equipment
RSE Emissions Monitoring 'RSE Emissions Monitoring' collects emissions data from passing vehicles that are equipped with short range communications capability and have the capability to collect and report emissions data. The collected data includes current emissions as measured or calculated by on-board equipment. The functional object collects the provided data, aggregates and filters the data based on provided configuration parameters, and sends the collected information back to a center for processing and distribution. Connected Vehicle Roadside Equipment
RSE Environmental Monitoring 'RSE Environmental Monitoring' collects environmental situation (probe) data from passing vehicles that are equipped with short range communications capability. The collected data includes current environmental conditions as measured by on-board sensors (e.g., ambient temperature and precipitation measures), current status of vehicle systems that can be used to infer environmental conditions (e.g., status of lights, wipers, ABS, and traction control systems), and emissions measures reported by the vehicle. The functional object collects the provided data, aggregates and filters the data based on provided configuration parameters, and sends the collected information back to a center for processing and distribution. This functional object may also process the collected data locally and issue short-term road weather advisories for the road segment using short range communications. Connected Vehicle Roadside Equipment
RSE Traffic Metering 'RSE Traffic Metering' uses V2I communications to support ramp metering and other traffic metering applications. Data is collected from connected vehicles on both the mainline and approach to the traffic meters. The collected data is processed and filtered and provided to the metering controller. Status and current signal indications from the ramp meter are also collected and provided to approaching and queued connected vehicles. Connected Vehicle Roadside Equipment
RSE Traffic Monitoring 'RSE Traffic Monitoring' monitors the basic safety messages that are shared between connected vehicles and distills this data into traffic flow measures that can be used to manage the network in combination with or in lieu of traffic data collected by infrastructure-based sensors. As connected vehicle penetration rates increase, the measures provided by this application can expand beyond vehicle speeds that are directly reported by vehicles to include estimated volume, occupancy, and other measures. This object also supports incident detection by monitoring for changes in speed and vehicle control events that indicate a potential incident. Connected Vehicle Roadside Equipment
RSE Traveler Information Communications 'RSE Traveler Information Communications' includes field elements that distribute information to vehicles for in-vehicle display. The information may be provided by a center (e.g., variable information on traffic and road conditions in the vicinity of the field equipment) or it may be determined and output locally (e.g., static sign information and signal phase and timing information). This includes the interface to the center or field equipment that controls the information distribution and the short range communications equipment that provides information to passing vehicles. Connected Vehicle Roadside Equipment
TMC Basic Surveillance 'TMC Basic Surveillance' remotely monitors and controls traffic sensor systems and surveillance (e.g., CCTV) equipment, and collects, processes and stores the collected traffic data. Current traffic information and other real-time transportation information is also collected from other centers. The collected information is provided to traffic operations personnel and made available to other centers. Traffic Management Center
TMC Environmental Monitoring 'TMC Environmental Monitoring' assimilates current and forecast road conditions and surface weather information using a combination of weather service provider information, information collected by other centers such as the Maintenance and Construction Management Center, data collected from environmental sensors deployed on and about the roadway, and information collected from connected vehicles. The collected environmental information is monitored and presented to the operator. This information can be used to issue general traveler advisories and support location specific warnings to drivers. Traffic Management Center
TMC Traffic Information Dissemination 'TMC Traffic Information Dissemination' disseminates traffic and road conditions, closure and detour information, incident information, driver advisories, and other traffic-related data to other centers, the media, and driver information systems. It monitors and controls driver information system field equipment including dynamic message signs and highway advisory radio, managing dissemination of driver information through these systems. Traffic Management Center
TMC Traffic Metering 'TMC Traffic Metering' provides center monitoring and control of traffic metering systems including on ramps, through interchanges, and on the mainline roadway. All types of metering are covered including pre-timed/fixed time, time-based, dynamic and adaptive metering strategies and special bypasses. Metering rates can be calculated based upon historical data or current conditions including traffic, air quality, etc. Traffic Management Center
Vehicle Basic Safety Communication 'Vehicle Basic Safety Communication' exchanges current vehicle location and motion information with other vehicles in the vicinity, uses that information to calculate vehicle paths, and warns the driver when the potential for an impending collision is detected. If available, map data is used to filter and interpret the relative location and motion of vehicles in the vicinity. Information from on-board sensors (e.g., radars and image processing) are also used, if available, in combination with the V2V communications to detect non-equipped vehicles and corroborate connected vehicle data. Vehicle location and motion broadcasts are also received by the infrastructure and used by the infrastructure to support a wide range of roadside safety and mobility applications. This object represents a broad range of implementations ranging from basic Vehicle Awareness Devices that only broadcast vehicle location and motion and provide no driver warnings to advanced integrated safety systems that may, in addition to warning the driver, provide collision warning information to support automated control functions that can support control intervention. Vehicle OBE
Vehicle Emissions Monitoring 'Vehicle Emissions Monitoring' directly measures or estimates current and average vehicle emissions and makes this data available to the driver and connected vehicle infrastructure systems. Vehicle OBE
Vehicle Environmental Monitoring 'Vehicle Environmental Monitoring' collects data from on-board sensors and systems related to environmental conditions and sends the collected data to the infrastructure as the vehicle travels. The collected data is a byproduct of vehicle safety and convenience systems and includes ambient air temperature and precipitation measures and status of the wipers, lights, ABS, and traction control systems. Vehicle OBE
Vehicle Roadside Information Reception 'Vehicle Roadside Information Reception' receives advisories, vehicle signage data, and other driver information and presents this information to the driver using in-vehicle equipment. Information presented may include fixed sign information, traffic control device status (e.g., signal phase and timing data), advisory and detour information, warnings of adverse road and weather conditions, travel times, and other driver information. Vehicle OBE

Includes Information Flows:

Information Flow Description
driver information Regulatory, warning, and guidance information provided to the driver while en route to support safe and efficient vehicle operation.
driver updates Information provided to the driver including visual displays, audible information and warnings, and haptic feedback. The updates inform the driver about current conditions, potential hazards, and the current status of vehicle on-board equipment.
emissions monitoring application information Data used to configure and control roadside equipment applications that monitor emissions-related data reported by passing vehicles. The parameters include identification of the emissions-related data to be monitored and thresholds for aggregating, filtering, and reporting the collected data.
emissions monitoring application status Emissions monitoring application status reported by the RSE. This includes current operational state and status of the RSE and a record of emissions data collected.
emissions situation data Emissions-related data as measured and reported by connected vehicles. This flow carries aggregated and filtered data including average and current emissions reported by vehicles as well as associated data (vehicle profiles and speeds) that can be used to estimate aggregate emissions.
environmental sensor data Current road conditions (e.g., surface temperature, subsurface temperature, moisture, icing, treatment status) and surface weather conditions (e.g., air temperature, wind speed, precipitation, visibility) as measured and reported by fixed and/or mobile environmental sensors. Operational status of the sensors is also included.
environmental sensors control Data used to configure and control environmental sensors.
environmental situation data Aggregated and filtered vehicle environmental data collected from vehicle safety and convenience systems including measured air temperature, exterior light status, wiper status, sun sensor status, rain sensor status, traction control status, anti-lock brake status, and other collected vehicle system status and sensor information. This information flow represents the aggregated and filtered environmental data sets that are provided by the RSE to the back office center. Depending on the RSE configuration and implementation, the data set may also include environmental sensor station data collected by the RSE.
mobile source emissions data Measured and/or estimated emissions at point locations from mobile sources including cars and light trucks, heavy trucks and buses. Where applicable, this flow may also include emissions measures or estimates from non-road engines and portable equipment at the location.
roadway dynamic signage data Information used to initialize, configure, and control dynamic message signs. This flow can provide message content and delivery attributes, local message store maintenance requests, control mode commands, status queries, and all other commands and associated parameters that support remote management of these devices.
roadway dynamic signage status Current operating status of dynamic message signs.
traffic detector control Information used to configure and control traffic detector systems such as inductive loop detectors and machine vision sensors.
traffic detector data Raw and/or processed traffic detector data which allows derivation of traffic flow variables (e.g., speed, volume, and density measures) and associated information (e.g., congestion, potential incidents). This flow includes the traffic data and the operational status of the traffic detectors
traffic metering application info Application parameters and thresholds. This flow also supports remote control of the application so the application can be taken offline, reset, or restarted.
traffic metering application status Traffic metering application status reported by the RSE. This includes current operational state and status of the RSE and a record of system operation.
traffic metering control Control commands and operating parameters for ramp meters, interchange meters, mainline meters, and other systems equipment associated with roadway metering operations.
traffic metering status Current operational status and operating parameters for ramp meters, interchange meters, mainline meters and other control equipment associated with roadway metering operations.
traffic operator data Presentation of traffic operations data to the operator including traffic conditions, current operating status of field equipment, maintenance activity status, incident status, video images, security alerts, emergency response plan updates and other information. This data keeps the operator appraised of current road network status, provides feedback to the operator as traffic control actions are implemented, provides transportation security inputs, and supports review of historical data and preparation for future traffic operations activities.
traffic operator input User input from traffic operations personnel including requests for information, configuration changes, commands to adjust current traffic control strategies (e.g., adjust signal timing plans, change DMS messages), and other traffic operations data entry.
traffic situation data Current, aggregate traffic data collected from connected vehicles that can be used to supplement or replace information collected by roadside traffic detectors. It includes raw and/or processed reported vehicle speeds, counts, and other derived measures. Raw and/or filtered vehicle control events may also be included to support incident detection.
vehicle emissions data Measured emissions of specific vehicles comprised of exhaust pollutants including hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide, and nitrogen oxides.
vehicle environmental data Data from vehicle safety and convenience systems that can be used to estimate environmental and infrastructure conditions, including measured air temperature, exterior light status, wiper status, sun sensor status, rain sensor status, traction control status, anti-lock brake status, vertical acceleration and other collected vehicle system status and sensor information. The collected data is reported along with the location, heading, and time that the data was collected. Both current data and snapshots of recent events (e.g., traction control or anti-lock brake system activations) may be reported.
vehicle location and motion for surveillance Data describing the vehicle's location in three dimensions, heading, speed, acceleration, braking status, and size. This flow represents monitoring of basic safety data ('vehicle location and motion') broadcast by passing connected vehicles for use in vehicle detection and traffic monitoring applications.
vehicle reported emissions Current and average vehicle emissions data as measured by vehicle diagnostics systems and reported by the vehicle.
vehicle signage data In-vehicle signing data that augments regulatory, warning, and informational road signs and signals. The information provided would include static sign information (e.g., stop, curve warning, guide signs, service signs, and directional signs) and dynamic information (e.g., local traffic and road conditions, lane restrictions, work zones, detours, closures, advisories, and warnings).
vehicle signage local data Information provided by adjacent field equipment to support in-vehicle signing of dynamic information that is currently being displayed to passing drivers. This includes the dynamic information (e.g., local traffic and road conditions, work zone information, lane restrictions, detours, closures, advisories, parking availability, etc.) and control parameters that identify the desired timing, duration, and priority of the signage data.

Goals and Objectives

Associated Planning Factors and Goals

Planning Factor Goal
A. Support the economic vitality of the metropolitan area, especially by enabling global competitiveness, productivity, and efficiency; Improve the national freight network, strengthen the ability of rural communities to access national and international trade markets, and support regional economic development
B. Increase the safety of the transportation system for motorized and nonmotorized users; Achieve a significant reduction in traffic fatalities and serious injuries on all public roads
D. Increase the accessibility and mobility of people and for freight; Achieve a significant reduction in congestion
E. Protect and enhance the environment, promote energy conservation, improve the quality of life, and promote consistency between transportation improvements and State and local planned growth and economic development patterns; Enhance the performance of the transportation system while protecting and enhancing the natural environment
G. Promote efficient system management and operation; Improve the efficiency of the surface transportation system
I. Improve the resiliency and reliability of the transportation system and reduce or mitigate stormwater impacts of surface transportation; Improve the resiliency and reliability of the surface transportation system

Associated Objective Categories

Objective Category
Environment: Clean Air and Climate Change
Freeway Management: Efficiency
Freeway Management: Ramp Management
Freeway Management: Reliability
System Efficiency: Energy Consumption

Associated Objectives and Performance Measures

Objective Performance Measure
Increase the number freeway ramps currently metered by X percent by year Y. Total number of ramp meters (by year of installation).
Increase the percent of freeway interchanges operating at LOS Z or higher during peak periods by X percent by year Y. Percent of interchanges operating at LOS Z or above during peak periods (per year).
Reduce buffer index on the freeway system during peak and off-peak periods by X percent in Y years. The buffer index (represents the extra time (buffer) travelers add to their average travel time when planning trips in order to arrive on-time 95 percent of the time).
Reduce carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions to X percent below year Y by year Z. Carbon dioxide emissions - tons per day
Reduce delay associated with incidents on the freeway system by X percent by year Y. Hours of delay associated with incidents.
Reduce emissions of coarse particulates (PM10) by X percent by year Y. Course particular (PM10) levels - micrograms per cubic meter
Reduce emissions of coarse particulates (PM10) by X percent by year Y. Course particulate (PM10) emissions - tons per day
Reduce emissions of fine particulates (PM2.5) by X percent by year Y. Fine particulate (PM2.5) emissions - tons per day
Reduce emissions of fine particulates (PM2.5) by X percent by year Y. Fine particulate (PM2.5) levels - micrograms per cubic meter
Reduce excess fuel consumed due to congestion by X percent by year Y. Excess fuel consumed (total or per capita).
Reduce the number of congestion-inducing incidents occurring at freeway ramps by X percent by year Y. Total number of congestion-inducing incidents at freeway interchanges during peak period (per year).
Reduce the number of person hours (or vehicle hours) of delay experienced by travelers on the freeway system. Hours of delay (vehicle-hours or person-hours).
Reduce the number of person hours (or vehicle hours) of delay experienced by travelers on the freeway system. Hours of delay per capita or driver.
Reduce the share of freeway miles at Level of Service (LOS) X by Y by year Z. Miles at LOS X or V/C > 1.0 (or other threshold).
Reduce total energy consumption per capita for transportation by X percent by year Y. Total energy consumed per capita for transportation.
Reduce total fuel consumption per capita for transportation by X percent by year Y. Total fuel consumed per capita for transportation.


 
Since the mapping between objectives and service packages is not always straight-forward and often situation-dependent, these mappings should only be used as a starting point. Users should do their own analysis to identify the best service packages for their region.

Needs and Requirements

Need Functional Object Requirement
01 Traffic Operations need to be able to collect vehicle emissions and environmental data from both connected vehicles as well as roadside sensors in order to support eco operation of traffic metering. Emissions Connected Vehicle Monitoring 01 Emission Management needs to be able to collect emissions data reported by passing connected vehicles.
02 The center shall be able to control roadside equipment applications that monitor emissions-related data reported by passing vehicles.
Emissions Data Management 01 The center shall collect, analyze, and store vehicle emissions data collected from connected vehicle and roadside sensors.
05 The center shall provide the measured and/or estimated emissions collected from mobile sources to traffic management.
Roadway Basic Surveillance 01 The field element shall collect, process, digitize, and send traffic sensor data (speed, volume, and occupancy) to the center for further analysis and storage, under center control.
04 The field element shall return sensor and CCTV system operational status to the controlling center.
Roadway Emissions Monitoring 10 The field element shall provide vehicle emission data to centers.
Roadway Environmental Monitoring 10 The field element shall provide weather and road surface condition data to centers.
RSE Emissions Monitoring 01 The field element shall collect emissions data including current emissions as measured or calculated by on-board equipment, from passing connected vehicles that have the capability to collect and report emissions data.
03 The field element shall send the collected information back to a center for processing and distribution.
RSE Environmental Monitoring 01 The field element shall communicate with passing vehicles to collect environmental monitoring data, including ambient air quality, emissions, temperature, precipitation, and other road weather information.
02 The field element shall aggregate and forward collected environmental probe information to the center.
RSE Traffic Metering 01 The field element shall provide traffic metering application status to the center for monitoring.
RSE Traffic Monitoring 01 The field element shall communicate with on-board equipment on passing vehicles to collect current vehicle position, speed, and heading and a record of previous events (e.g., starts and stops, link travel times) that can be used to determine current traffic conditions.
02 The field element shall aggregate and forward collected probe information to the center.
TMC Basic Surveillance 01 The center shall monitor, analyze, and store traffic sensor data (speed, volume, occupancy) collected from field elements under remote control of the center.
05 The center shall respond to control data from center personnel regarding sensor and surveillance data collection, analysis, storage, and distribution.
06 The center shall maintain a database of surveillance equipment and sensors and associated data (including the roadway on which they are located, the type of data collected, and the ownership of each).
TMC Environmental Monitoring 03 The traffic center shall assimilate current and forecast road conditions and surface weather information using a combination of weather service provider information (such as the National Weather Service and value-added sector specific meteorological services), data from roadway maintenance operations, and environmental data collected from sensors deployed on and about the roadway.
05 The traffic center shall receive aggregated and processed vehicle environmental data collected from vehicle safety and convenience systems through the connected vehicle roadside equipment.
Vehicle Emissions Monitoring 02 The vehicle shall provide the vehicle emissions information to infrastructure systems.
Vehicle Environmental Monitoring 04 The vehicle shall transmit environmental probe data to field equipment located along the roadway using short range communications.
02 Traffic Operations need to be able to use collected vehicle emissions and environmental data to regulate the flow of traffic on ramps, interchanges, and the mainline. Roadway Traffic Metering 01 The field element shall regulate the flow of traffic on ramps, interchanges, and the mainline, under center control.
02 The field element shall monitor operation of ramp, interchange, and mainline meters and report to the center any conflicts between received control plans and current system operation.
03 The field element shall return ramp, interchange, and mainline meter operational status to the controlling center.
04 The field element shall provide indications to the driver that the metering system is active and provide safe transitions between active and inactive status.
05 The field element shall return ramp, interchange, and mainline meter fault data to the maintenance center for repair.
TMC Traffic Information Dissemination 01 The center shall remotely control dynamic messages signs for dissemination of traffic and other information to drivers.
03 The center shall collect operational status for the driver information systems equipment (DMS, HAR, etc.).
04 The center shall collect fault data for the driver information systems equipment (DMS, HAR, etc.) for repair.
09 The center shall collect current lane configurations status for the driver information systems equipment (DMS, HAR, etc.).
TMC Traffic Metering 05 The center shall be able to, under control of center personnel, use collected environmental and vehicle emissions data to regulate the flow of traffic on ramps, interchanges, and the mainline.
03 Traffic Operations need to be able to disseminate traffic metering timing plan to connected vehicles. Roadway Traffic Information Dissemination 01 The field element shall include dynamic message signs for dissemination of traffic and other information to drivers, under center control; the DMS may be either those that display variable text messages, or those that have fixed format display(s) (e.g. vehicle restrictions, or lane open/close).
03 The field element shall provide operational status for the driver information systems equipment (DMS, HAR, etc.) to the center.
04 The field element shall provide fault data for the driver information systems equipment (DMS, HAR, etc.) to the center for repair.
05 The field element shall provide dynamic message sign information to roadside equipment for transmission to connected vehicles to support in-vehicle signing.
RSE Traffic Monitoring 03 The field element shall aggregate and forward collected probe information to other field elements.
RSE Traveler Information Communications 09 The field element shall provide vehicle current traffic metering status for in-vehicle signing.
Vehicle Basic Safety Communication 06 The vehicle shall be able to receive warnings, informational road signs, traffic meters, and signals provided by infrastructure devices.
Vehicle Roadside Information Reception 03 The vehicle shall receive indicator and fixed sign information including static sign information (e.g., stop, curve warning, guide signs, service signs, and directional signs) and dynamic information (e.g., current signal and traffic meter states and local conditions warnings identified by local environmental sensors).

Related Sources

Document Name Version Publication Date
Dynamic Eco-Lanes: Operational Concept Final v1.1 8/1/2012
ITS User Services Document 1/1/2005


Security

In order to participate in this service package, each physical object should meet or exceed the following security levels.

Physical Object Security
Physical Object Confidentiality Integrity Availability Security Class
Connected Vehicle Roadside Equipment Moderate Moderate Moderate Class 2
Emissions Management Center Moderate Moderate Moderate Class 2
ITS Roadway Equipment Moderate Moderate Moderate Class 2
Traffic Management Center Moderate High Moderate Class 3
Vehicle OBE Moderate Moderate Moderate Class 2



In order to participate in this service package, each information flow triple should meet or exceed the following security levels.

Information Flow Security
Source Destination Information Flow Confidentiality Integrity Availability
Basis Basis Basis
Connected Vehicle Roadside Equipment Emissions Management Center emissions monitoring application status Moderate Moderate Low
This information could be of interest to a malicious individual who is attempting to determine the best way to accomplish a crime. As such it would be best to not make it easily accessible. May be LOW in some cases. If this is compromised, it could send unnecessary maintenance workers, or worse report plausible data that is erroneous. A delay in reporting this may cause a delay in necessary maintenance, but (a) this is not time-critical and (b) there are other channels for reporting malfunctioning.
Connected Vehicle Roadside Equipment Emissions Management Center emissions situation data Low Moderate Low
Probably not sensitive information, no harm in this data being captured by unintended party. This flow does not correlate specific vehicles with any emissions data. At least some guarantee of correctness should be had with this data. It could be used to modify transit/traffic strategies over a large area ("its a code ORANGE day out there, don't run") that change behavior for a large number of people. This could be MODERATE if emissions information is critical to decision making.
Connected Vehicle Roadside Equipment ITS Roadway Equipment traffic situation data Moderate Moderate Moderate
Aggregated messages may have more privacy implications than individual ones, especially if an attacker can attack more than one RSE-to-TMC connection at once. This information is used to help with incident detection. It should be verified to ensure that it is not incorrectly influencing this.THEA: only limited adverse effect if raw/processed connected vehicle data is bad/compromised; could be LOW for ISIG This information is used as supplemental information. It should operate correctly if not every single message is received. THEA: only limited adverse effect if info is not timely/readily available, could be LOW for ISIG
Connected Vehicle Roadside Equipment Traffic Management Center environmental situation data Low Moderate Moderate
Little to no impact if this data is observed Only limited adverse effect if environmental data from vehicle safety and convenience systems is bad/compromised; can cope with some bad data; DISC: WYO believes this to be MODERATE HIGH. Changed from THEA's LOW inferring severity of weather data in Wyoming Only limited adverse effect of info is not timely/readily available. DISC: WYO believes this to be MODERATE. Changed from THEA's LOW inferring severity of weather data in Wyoming
Connected Vehicle Roadside Equipment Traffic Management Center traffic metering application status Moderate Moderate Low
This information could be of interest to a malicious individual who is attempting to determine the best way to accomplish a crime. As such it would be best to not make it easily accessible. If this is compromised, it could send unnecessary maintenance workers, or cause the appearance of excessive traffic violations, leading to further unnecessary investigation. A delay in reporting this may cause a delay in necessary maintenance, but (a) this is not time-critical and (b) there are other channels for reporting malfunctioning. Additionally, there is a message received notification, which means that RSE can ensure that all intersection safety issues are delivered.
Connected Vehicle Roadside Equipment Traffic Management Center traffic situation data Moderate Moderate Low
Aggregated messages may have more privacy implications than individual ones, especially if an attacker can attack more than one RSE-to-TMC connection at once. only limited adverse effect if raw/processed connected vehicle data is bad/compromised; DISC: NYC believes this to be MODERATE: As investigation might be triggered if RF quality is reported as low, this data should be trusted. RES: Agree wih NYC. only limited adverse effect of info is not timely/readily available. NYC: This data is purely for statistical purposes so low availability does not harm the [RSE RF Monitoring] application.
Connected Vehicle Roadside Equipment Vehicle OBE vehicle signage data Low Moderate Moderate
This data is intentionally transmitted to everyone via a broadcast. It is meant to augment other signage data, and by definition is meant to be shared with everyone. These signs are meant to augment other visual cues to the driver. They should be accurate, but any inaccuracies should be corrected for by other means. These notifications are helpful to a driver, but if the driver does not receive this notification immediately, there should still be other visual cues.
Emissions Management Center Connected Vehicle Roadside Equipment emissions monitoring application information Moderate Moderate Low
This is a control flow, so should be obfuscated to make it more difficult for a 3rd party to manipulate the RSE. Control parameters need to be correct and not corrupted so that the owner of the RSE and the receiver of the RSE's data get what they need from it. This information probably does not need to be changed very often, and if it is not available then likely the flow it controls (emissions data flows to the DDS/EMC) are down as well.
Emissions Management Center Traffic Management Center mobile source emissions data Low Moderate Moderate
Probably not sensitive information, no harm in this data being captured by unintended party if this flow does not correlate specific vehicles with any emissions data. If specific vehicles are associated with data, this would be MODERATE. At least some guarantee of correctness should be had with this data. It could be used to modify transit/traffic strategies over a large area ("its a code ORANGE day out there, don't run") that change behavior for a large number of people. While the source flows from RSEs are considered LOW, this is an aggregated flow, so the impact of an outage is larger. If this flow exists, it is probably used for decision-making and any loss of this flow has an impact.
ITS Roadway Equipment Connected Vehicle Roadside Equipment vehicle signage local data Low Moderate Moderate
This data is intentionally transmitted to everyone via a broadcast. It is meant to augment other signage data, and by definition is meant to be shared with everyone. This information impacts the vehicle signage data sent to neighboring ASDs and should be trusted to avoid sending wrong information. DISC: WYO believes this to be HIGH. The system should know if these messages are not received.
ITS Roadway Equipment Driver driver information Not Applicable High Moderate
This data is sent to all drivers and is also directly observable, by design. This is the primary signal trusted by the driver to decide whether to go through the intersection and what speed to go through the intersection at; if it's wrong, accidents could happen. If the lights are out you have to get a policeman to direct traffic – expensive and inefficient and may cause a cascading effect due to lack of coordination with other intersections.
ITS Roadway Equipment Emissions Management Center vehicle emissions data Moderate Moderate Low
Contains vehicle identity, which should be protected from casual viewing, and maps that to various emissions parameters. As this may imply legal issues (over-emitting etc.), the data should be kept confidential to protect the vehicle owner. As this contains information that could be used to grant permitting (emissions passing) or issue penalites (over-emitting), a corruption of this data could result in the wrong action being taken, revenue lost or inappropriately gained, permit incorrectly granted or denied. Could be MODERATE for those areas where emissions are high priority items. Generally LOW given that most emissions testing is done in person now. As systems come to rely on remote sensing, this may become MODERATE.
ITS Roadway Equipment Traffic Management Center environmental sensor data Low Moderate Moderate
Little to no impact if this data is observed info should be correct to determine safe speeds etc.; DISC: WYO believes this to be HIGH Updates are desireable but slightly outdated information will not be catastrophic.
ITS Roadway Equipment Traffic Management Center roadway dynamic signage status Moderate Moderate Moderate
Device status information should not be available, as those with criminal intent may use this information toward their own ends. Data is intended to feed dissemination channels, either C-ITS messages or DMS or other channels, so it should generally be correct as it is distributed widely and any forgery or corrupted data will have widespread impact. Failure of this flow affects traveler information dissemination, the importance of which varies with the data contained in the flow and the scenario. Could be LOW in many instances.
ITS Roadway Equipment Traffic Management Center traffic detector data Low Moderate Moderate
No impact if someone sees the data Some minimal guarantee of data integrity is necessary for all C-ITS flows. THEA believes this to be LOW.only limited adverse effect if raw/processed traffic detector data is bad/compromised; DISC: WYO believes this to be HIGH Only limited adverse effect of info is not timely/readily available, however without this information it will be difficult to perform traffic management activities, thus MODERATE. If not used for management, may be LOW.
ITS Roadway Equipment Traffic Management Center traffic metering status Moderate Moderate Moderate
Device status information should be concealed, as an unauthorized observer could use this to reverse engineer device control systems. Device status information needs to be available and correct, or the controlling system may take inappropriate maintenance action, costing time and money. Device status information needs to be available and correct, or the controlling system may take inappropriate maintenance action, costing time and money.
Traffic Management Center Connected Vehicle Roadside Equipment traffic metering application info Moderate Moderate Low
This information could be of interest to a malicious individual who is attempting to determine the best way to accomplish a crime. As such it would be best to not make it easily accessible. If this is compromised, it could send unnecessary maintenance workers, or cause the appearance of excessive traffic violations, leading to further unnecessary investigation. A delay in reporting this may cause a delay in necessary maintenance, but (a) this is not time-critical and (b) there are other channels for reporting malfunctioning. Additionally, there is a message received notification, which means that RSE can ensure that all intersection safety issues are delivered.
Traffic Management Center ITS Roadway Equipment environmental sensors control Moderate Moderate Low
Control flows, even for seemingly innocent devices, should be kept confidential to minimize attack vectors. While an individual installation may not be particularly impacted by a cyberattack of its sensor network, another installation might be severely impacted, and different installations are likely to use similar methods, so compromising one leads to compromising all. DISC: THEA, WYO believe this to be LOW: encrypted, authenticated, proprietary; but should not cause severe damage if seen Should be accurate and not be tampered with; could enable outside control of traffic sensors but should not cause severe harm, but could cause issues with environmental sensor data received and be detrimental to operations; DISC: WYO believes this may be HIGH for some applications Control flow availability is related to the criticality of being able to remotely control the device. For most devices, this is MODERATE. For purely passive devices with no incident relationship, this will be LOW. All devices should have default modes that enable them to operate without backhaul connectivity, so no device warrants a HIGH. From THEAwant updates but delayed information will not be severe; should be able to operate from a previous/default control/config; DISC: WYO believes this to be MODERATE
Traffic Management Center ITS Roadway Equipment roadway dynamic signage data Moderate Moderate Moderate
Device control information should not be available, as those with criminal intent may use this information toward their own ends. Data is intended to feed dissemination channels, either C-ITS messages or DMS or other channels, so it should generally be correct as it is distributed widely and any forgery or corrupted data will have widespread impact. Occasional outages of this flow will delay dissemination of the data to travelers (the eventual end user) which could have significant impacts on travel, both safety and mobility impacts.
Traffic Management Center ITS Roadway Equipment traffic detector control Moderate Moderate Low
Control flows, even for seemingly innocent devices, should be kept confidential to minimize attack vectors. While an individual installation may not be particularly impacted by a cyberattack of its sensor network, another installation might be severely impacted, and different installations are likely to use similar methods, so compromising one leads to compromising all. DISC: THEA, WYO believe this to be LOW: encrypted, authenticated, proprietary; but should not cause severe damage if seen Control flows, even for seemingly innocent devices, should have MODERATE integrity at minimum, just to guarantee that intended control messages are received. Incorrect, corrupted, intercepted and modified control messages can or will result in target field devices not behaving according to operator intent. The severity of this depends on the type of device, which is why some devices are set MODERATE and some HIGH.. From THEA: should be accurate and not be tampered with; could enable outside control of traffic sensors but should not cause severe harm, but could cause issues with traffic sensor data received and be detrimental to operations Control flow availability is related to the criticality of being able to remotely control the device. For most devices, this is MODERATE. For purely passive devices with no incident relationship, this will be LOW. All devices should have default modes that enable them to operate without backhaul connectivity, so no device warrants a HIGH.. From THEA: want updates but delayed information will not be severe; should be able to operate from a previous/default control/config. DISC: WYO believes this to be MODERATE
Traffic Management Center ITS Roadway Equipment traffic metering control Moderate High Moderate
Control flows, even for seemingly innocent devices, should be kept confidential to minimize attack vectors. While an individual installation may not be particularly impacted by a cyberattack of its sensor network, another installation might be severely impacted, and different installations are likely to use similar methods, so compromising one leads to compromising all. Control flows, even for seemingly innocent devices, should have MODERATE integrity at minimum, just to guarantee that intended control messages are received. Incorrect, corrupted, intercepted and modified control messages can or will result in target field devices not behaving according to operator intent. The severity of this depends on the type of device, which is why some devices are set MODERATE and some HIGH. Control flow availability is related to the criticality of being able to remotely control the device. For most devices, this is MODERATE. For purely passive devices with no incident relationship, this will be LOW. All devices should have default modes that enable them to operate without backhaul connectivity, so no device warrants a HIGH.
Traffic Management Center Traffic Operations Personnel traffic operator data Moderate Moderate Moderate
Backoffice operations flows should have minimal protection from casual viewing, as otherwise imposters could gain illicit control or information that should not be generally available. Information presented to backoffice system operators must be consistent or the operator may perform actions that are not appropriate to the real situation. The backoffice system operator should have access to system operation. If this interface is down then control is effectively lost, as without feedback from the system the operator has no way of knowing what is the correct action to take.
Traffic Operations Personnel Traffic Management Center traffic operator input Moderate High High
Backoffice operations flows should have minimal protection from casual viewing, as otherwise imposters could gain illicit control or information that should not be generally available. Backoffice operations flows should generally be correct and available as these are the primary interface between operators and system. Backoffice operations flows should generally be correct and available as these are the primary interface between operators and system.
Vehicle OBE Connected Vehicle Roadside Equipment vehicle environmental data Low Moderate Low
Little abusive potential for capturing the information in this flow as designed. Could be moderate if this contains PII related information, but considered for now to not include any PII; DISC: WYO believes Vehicle to Center versions of this flow to be MODERATE as center penetrations could more easily garner aggregate user data that might be used for mischief. Some minimal guarantee of data integrity is necessary for all C-ITS flows. DISC THEA believes this to be LOW: Data should be accurate and not tampered with but should be able to cope with some bad data in traffic/environmental condition monitoring; aggregate data; can also receive data from ITS RE; DISC: WYO believes this to be MODERATE data should be timely and readily available, but limited adverse effect; aggregate data; can also receive data from ITS RE; DISC: WYO believes this to be MODERATE
Vehicle OBE Connected Vehicle Roadside Equipment vehicle location and motion for surveillance Not Applicable Moderate Moderate
This is directly observable data; DISC: WYO believes this to be MODERATE Incorrect information here could lead to the system not functioning properly. If they are unable to properly detect all vehicles crossing the border, it would lead to confusion. There are other factors, such as visual indicators, of vehicles crossing the border, which can be used to help mitigate contradicting information. DISC: THEA believes this should be HIGH: "BSM info needs to be accurate and should not be tampered with" WYO believes this to be HIGH This information must be available in a timely manner for the system to act upon it. The system can operate correctly if some messages are missed, but overall a majority of them should be received.; WYO believes this to be LOW
Vehicle OBE Connected Vehicle Roadside Equipment vehicle reported emissions Moderate Moderate Moderate
Contains PII describing the vehicle and its operating characteristics, which if observed could be used against the vehicle owner. Applications relying on this data will not function properly if the data is incorrect, so it must be protected commensurate to the value of the application. Initially MODERATE, unlikely to be set to HIGH unless emissions operations are the highest priority. Important for low emissions zone operations; without accurate and timely information, applications relying on this data will not function. While initially MODERATE, could be LOW if the priority for emissions-related applications are similarly low.
Vehicle OBE Driver driver updates Not Applicable Moderate Moderate
This data is informing the driver about the safety of a nearby area. It should not contain anything sensitive, and does not matter if another person can observe it. This is the information that is presented to the driver. If they receive incorrect information, they may act in an unsafe manner. However, there are other indicators that would alert them to any hazards, such as an oncoming vehicle or crossing safety lights. If this information is not made available to the driver, then the system has not operated correctly.

Standards

The following table lists the standards associated with physical objects in this service package. For standards related to interfaces, see the specific information flow triple pages.

Name Title Physical Object
ITE ATC Advanced Transportation Controller ITS Roadway Equipment
ITE ATC API Application Programming Interface Standard for the Advanced Transportation Controller ITS Roadway Equipment
ITE ATC ITS Cabinet Intelligent Transportation System Standard Specification for Roadside Cabinets ITS Roadway Equipment
ITE ATC Model 2070 Model 2070 Controller Standard ITS Roadway Equipment
NEMA TS 8 Cyber and Physical Security Cyber and Physical Security for Intelligent Transportation Systems Emissions Management Center
ITS Roadway Equipment
Traffic Management Center
NEMA TS2 Traffic Controller Assemblies Traffic Controller Assemblies with NTCIP Requirements ITS Roadway Equipment
NEMA TS4 Hardware Standards for DMS Hardware Standards for Dynamic Message Signs (DMS) With NTCIP Requirements ITS Roadway Equipment
USDOT RSU Dedicated Short-Range Communications Roadside Unit Specifications (FHWA-JPO-17-589) Connected Vehicle Roadside Equipment