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CVO13: Roadside HAZMAT Security Detection and Mitigation

This service package provides the capability to detect and classify security sensitive HAZMAT on commercial vehicles using roadside sensing and imaging technology. Credentials information can be accessed to verify if the commercial driver, vehicle and carrier are permitted to transport the identified HAZMAT. If the credentials analysis and sensed HAZMAT information do not agree, the vehicle can be signaled to pull off the highway, and if required, an alarm can be sent to Emergency Management to request they monitor, traffic stop or disable the vehicle.

Relevant Regions: Australia, Canada, European Union, and United States

Enterprise

Development Stage Roles and Relationships

Installation Stage Roles and Relationships

Operations Stage Roles and Relationships
(hide)

Source Destination Role/Relationship
Commercial Vehicle Administration Center Manager Commercial Vehicle Administration Center Manages
Commercial Vehicle Administration Center Owner Commercial Vehicle Administration Center Owns
Commercial Vehicle Administration Center Owner Commercial Vehicle Administration Center Manager Operations Agreement
Commercial Vehicle Administration Center Owner Commercial Vehicle Check Equipment Owner Information Provision Agreement
Commercial Vehicle Administration Center Supplier Commercial Vehicle Administration Center Owner Warranty
Commercial Vehicle Check Equipment Manager Commercial Vehicle Check Equipment Manages
Commercial Vehicle Check Equipment Owner Commercial Vehicle Check Equipment Owns
Commercial Vehicle Check Equipment Owner Commercial Vehicle Check Equipment Manager Operations Agreement
Commercial Vehicle Check Equipment Owner Commercial Vehicle OBE Owner Expectation of Information Provision
Commercial Vehicle Check Equipment Owner Emergency Management Center Owner Information Provision Agreement
Commercial Vehicle Check Equipment Supplier Commercial Vehicle Check Equipment Owner Warranty
Commercial Vehicle OBE Manager Commercial Vehicle OBE Manages
Commercial Vehicle OBE Owner Commercial Vehicle OBE Owns
Commercial Vehicle OBE Owner Commercial Vehicle OBE Manager Operations Agreement
Commercial Vehicle OBE Supplier Commercial Vehicle OBE Owner Warranty
Emergency Management Center Manager Emergency Management Center Manages
Emergency Management Center Owner Emergency Management Center Owns
Emergency Management Center Owner Emergency Management Center Manager Operations Agreement
Emergency Management Center Supplier Emergency Management Center Owner Warranty

Maintenance Stage Roles and Relationships

Functional

This service package includes the following Functional View PSpecs:

Physical Object Functional Object PSpec Number PSpec Name
Commercial Vehicle Administration Center CVAC Credentials and Taxes Administration 2.5.1 Manage Commercial Vehicle Trips and Clearances
2.5.2 Obtain Electronic Credential and Tax Filing Payment
2.5.4 Communicate with Other Commercial Vehicle Administration System
2.5.5 Manage Commercial Vehicle and Driver Credentials and Enrollment
2.5.8 Process Data Received from Roadside Facilities
5.4.6 Process CV Violations
7.4.1.1 Process Commercial Vehicle Payments
Commercial Vehicle Check Equipment CVCE HAZMAT Detection 2.3.1 Produce Commercial Vehicle Driver Message at Roadside
2.3.2.1 Administer Commercial Vehicle Roadside Credentials Database
2.3.2.2 Process Screening Transactions
2.3.4 Detect and Classify Commercial Vehicles and Freight Equipment
Commercial Vehicle OBE CV On-Board Safety and Security 2.3.7 Produce Commercial Vehicle Driver Message on Vehicle
2.4.1 Communicate Commercial Vehicle On-board Data to Roadside
2.4.2 Collect On-board Commercial Vehicle Sensor Data
2.4.4 Provide Commercial Vehicle Driver Interface
2.4.5 Communicate Commercial Vehicle On-board Data to Vehicle Manager
2.4.6 Provide Commercial Vehicle On-board Data Store Interface
2.4.7 Manage CV On-board Data
2.6.2 Transmit Commercial Vehicle Tag Data
Emergency Management Center Emergency Commercial Vehicle Response 5.1.1.1 Coordinate Emergency Inputs
5.1.1.2 Identify Commercial Vehicle Emergencies

Physical

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Includes Physical Objects:

Physical Object Class Description
Commercial Vehicle Administration Center Center The 'Commercial Vehicle Administration Center' performs administrative functions supporting credentials, tax, and safety regulations associated with commercial vehicles. It issues credentials, collects fees and taxes, and supports enforcement of credential requirements. It communicates with motor carriers to process credentials applications and collect fuel taxes, weight/distance taxes, and other taxes and fees associated with commercial vehicle operations. It also receives applications for, and issues special Oversize/Overweight and HAZMAT permits in coordination with cognizant authorities. It coordinates with other Commercial Vehicle Administration Centers (in other states/regions) to support nationwide access to credentials and safety information for administration and enforcement functions. It communicates with field equipment to enable credential checking and safety information collection at the roadside. It makes safety information available to qualified stakeholders to identify carriers and drivers that operate unsafely.
Commercial Vehicle Check Equipment Field 'Commercial Vehicle Check Equipment' supports automated vehicle identification at mainline speeds for credential checking, roadside safety inspections, and weigh-in-motion using two-way data exchange. These capabilities include providing warnings to the commercial vehicle drivers, their fleet managers, and proper authorities of any safety problems that have been identified, accessing and examining historical safety data, and automatically deciding whether to allow the vehicle to pass or require it to stop with operator manual override. Commercial Vehicle Check Equipment also provides supplemental inspection services such as expedited brake inspections, the use of operator hand-held devices, mobile screening sites, on-board safety database access, and the enrollment of vehicles and carriers in the electronic clearance program.
Commercial Vehicle Driver Vehicle The 'Commercial Vehicle Driver' represents the people that operate vehicles transporting goods, including both long haul trucks and local pick-up and delivery vans. This physical object is complementary to the Driver physical object in that it represents those interactions which are unique to Commercial Vehicle Operations. Information flowing from the Commercial Vehicle Driver includes those system inputs specific to Commercial Vehicle Operations.
Commercial Vehicle OBE Vehicle The Commercial Vehicle On-Board Equipment (OBE) resides in a commercial vehicle and provides the sensory, processing, storage, and communications functions necessary to support safe and efficient commercial vehicle operations. It provides two-way communications between the commercial vehicle drivers, their fleet managers, attached freight equipment, and roadside officials. A separate 'Vehicle OBE' physical object supports vehicle safety and driver information capabilities that apply to all vehicles, including commercial vehicles. The Commercial Vehicle OBE supplements these general ITS capabilities with capabilities that are specific to commercial vehicles.
Emergency Management Center Center The 'Emergency Management Center' represents systems that support incident management, disaster response and evacuation, security monitoring, and other security and public safety-oriented ITS applications. It includes the functions associated with fixed and mobile public safety communications centers including public safety call taker and dispatch centers operated by police (including transit police), fire, and emergency medical services. It includes the functions associated with Emergency Operations Centers that are activated at local, regional, state, and federal levels for emergencies and the portable and transportable systems that support Incident Command System operations at an incident. This Center also represents systems associated with towing and recovery, freeway service patrols, HAZMAT response teams, and mayday service providers.

It manages sensor and surveillance equipment used to enhance transportation security of the roadway infrastructure (including bridges, tunnels, interchanges, and other key roadway segments) and the public transportation system (including transit vehicles, public areas such as transit stops and stations, facilities such as transit yards, and transit infrastructure such as rail, bridges, tunnels, or bus guideways). It provides security/surveillance services to improve traveler security in public areas not a part of the public transportation system.

It monitors alerts, advisories, and other threat information and prepares for and responds to identified emergencies. It coordinates emergency response involving multiple agencies with peer centers. It stores, coordinates, and utilizes emergency response and evacuation plans to facilitate this coordinated response. Emergency situation information including damage assessments, response status, evacuation information, and resource information are shared The Emergency Management Center also provides a focal point for coordination of the emergency and evacuation information that is provided to the traveling public, including wide-area alerts when immediate public notification is warranted.

It tracks and manages emergency vehicle fleets using real-time road network status and routing information from the other centers to aid in selecting the emergency vehicle(s) and routes, and works with other relevant centers to tailor traffic control to support emergency vehicle ingress and egress, implementation of special traffic restrictions and closures, evacuation traffic control plans, and other special strategies that adapt the transportation system to better meet the unique demands of an emergency.

Includes Functional Objects:

Functional Object Description Physical Object
CV On-Board Safety and Security 'CV On-Board Safety and Security' collects and processes vehicle and driver safety and security information and provides safety and security information to the Fleet and Freight Management Center. It also supplies this information to the roadside facilities both at mainline speeds and while stopped for inspections. Safety information may also be provided at predetermined trigger areas using wireless communications. The capability to alert the commercial vehicle driver whenever there is a critical safety or security problem or potential emergency is also provided. It also supports on-board driver safety log maintenance and checking. Commercial Vehicle OBE
CVAC Credentials and Taxes Administration 'CVAC Credentials and Taxes Administration' issues credentials, collects fees and taxes, and supports enforcement of credential requirements. It manages driver licensing and enrolls carriers in additional CVO programs such as wireless roadside inspection programs. It communicates with the Fleet and Freight Management Centers associated with the motor carriers to process applications and collect fuel taxes, weight/distance taxes, and other taxes and fees associated with commercial vehicle operations. It also receives applications for, and issues special Oversize/Overweight and HAZMAT permits in coordination with other cognizant authorities. It supports user account management and receives and processes requests for review of carrier and driver status. It communicates with peer functional objects in other jurisdictions to exchange credentials database information. Commercial Vehicle Administration Center
CVCE HAZMAT Detection 'CVCE HAZMAT Detection' detects and identifies commercial vehicles carrying security sensitive hazardous materials. It assesses the likelihood of the presence of security sensitive HAZMAT materials based on remote sensed data as well as other physical information acquired about the commercial vehicle. It then determines if any detected HAZMAT is authorized. If unauthorized HAZMAT material is detected, a pull-in message is generated. It may also issue a message to the Emergency Management Center (Police Dispatch) that includes: location of the incident, current location of the commercial vehicle, timestamp, Vehicle ID, Carrier ID, Driver ID, CV Credentials information, HAZMAT material or category detected, and cargo manifest (if known). Commercial Vehicle Check Equipment
Emergency Commercial Vehicle Response 'Emergency Commercial Vehicle Response' identifies and initiates a response to commercial vehicle and freight equipment related emergencies. These emergencies may include incidents involving hazardous materials as well as the detection of non-permitted transport of security sensitive hazmat. It identifies the location of the vehicle, the nature of the incident, the route information, and information concerning the freight itself. The information supports the determination of the response and identifies the responding agencies to notify. Emergency Management Center

Includes Information Flows:

Information Flow Description
commercial vehicle incident notification Information about a Commercial Vehicle or Freight Equipment breach, non-permitted security sensitive hazmat detected at the roadside, route deviation, or Commercial Vehicle Driver / Commercial Vehicle / Freight Equipment assignment mismatches which includes the location of the Commercial Vehicle and appropriate identities. May carry information that enables incident reporting to responders, and also includes the type of vehicle and cargo concerned.
credentials information Response containing full vehicle fuel tax and registration credentials information. "Response" may be provided in reaction to a real-time query or a standing request for updated information. The query flow is not explicitly shown.
CVO pass/pull-in message This flow represents the visual or auditory interface with ITS equipment containing a message sent to commercial vehicle driver indicating whether to bypass or requesting pull in to inspection/verification stop along with inspection results (e. g., LED indicator on transponder or variable message sign).
pass/pull-in Command to commercial vehicle to pull into or bypass inspection station.

Goals and Objectives

Associated Planning Factors and Goals

Planning Factor Goal
C. Increase the security of the transportation system for motorized and nonmotorized users; Improve the security of the transportation system

Associated Objective Categories

Objective Category
Security: Crime
Security: Terrorism, Natural Disasters, and Hazardous Material Incidents

Associated Objectives and Performance Measures

Objective Performance Measure
Enhance tracking and monitoring of sensitive Hazmat shipments Number of Hazmat shipments tracked in real-time
Reduce exposure due to Hazmat & homeland security incidents Homeland security incident response time
Reduce exposure due to Hazmat & homeland security incidents Number of Hazmat incidents
Reduce exposure due to Hazmat & homeland security incidents Number of homeland security incidents


 
Since the mapping between objectives and service packages is not always straight-forward and often situation-dependent, these mappings should only be used as a starting point. Users should do their own analysis to identify the best service packages for their region.

Needs and Requirements

Need Functional Object Requirement
01 Commercial Vehicle Administration needs to be able to detect the presence of hazardous materials (HAZMAT) as commercial vehicles pass their roadside facilities in order to quickly determine that the commercial vehicle is authorized to carry the HAZMAT load. CVCE HAZMAT Detection 01 The roadside check facility equipment shall detect the presence of commercial vehicles and freight equipment approaching a facility. Sensors can differentiate between different types of vehicles and determine the number of axles, gross vehicle weight, presence of security sensitive hazardous materials, and the identification of the vehicle and its cargo.
02 The roadside check facility equipment shall detect the presence of security sensitive substances, e.g. detection of radiation or ammonia compounds, carried on-board commercial vehicles and freight equipment approaching a facility. This data is acquired by roadside sensors from the freight equipment electronically, optically, or manually.
02 Commercial Vehicle Administration needs to be able to read vehicle and driver identification information in order to determine if based on vehicle credentials, the vehicle is authorized to transport the detected hazardous materials (HAZMAT). CVAC Credentials and Taxes Administration 08 The center shall provide credentials information about commercial vehicle operators and carriers to authorized requestors, including roadside check stations that determine when a vehicle should be pulled-in based on their credentials and their actual load/freight contents.
CVCE HAZMAT Detection 03 The roadside check facility equipment shall receive the credential information (e.g. snapshots) from the commercial vehicle administration center to maintain an up to date list of which vehicles with hazardous materials shipments have been cleared (enrolled).
03 Commercial Vehicle Administration needs to warn the appropriate emergency management when it has detected the presence of an unauthorized hazardous materials (HAZMAT) shipment as commercial vehicles pass their roadside facilities in order to speed up the emergency response. CVCE HAZMAT Detection 05 The roadside check facility equipment shall raise and forward an alarm to the appropriate emergency management center if the hazmat-carrying commercial vehicle does not stop, or in the case of a positive identification of an unpermitted security sensitive hazmat cargo, to coordinate a traffic stop or some other action with respect to the offending commercial vehicle. The alarm will include information concerning the security sensitive hazmat detected at the roadside including the location, appropriate identifiers, route deviation, or assignment mismatches between the driver, commercial vehicle, or the freight equipment.
Emergency Commercial Vehicle Response 02 The center shall receive emergency notification information from commercial vehicles, commercial vehicle check stations, or commercial fleet operators and present the possible incident information to the emergency system operator. This may include detection of non-permitted transport of security sensitive hazmat, hazardous cargo spills, etc.
04 Commercial Vehicle Administration needs to be able to request a commercial vehicle to pull in for inspection if the vehicle is determined to be carrying a hazmat load that it is not properly permitted to carry. CV On-Board Safety and Security 01 The commercial vehicle shall receive the command from the roadside check facilities to pull into or bypass inspection station
01 The commercial vehicle shall receive safety and security messages from the roadside check facilities and present them to the driver in either audible or visual forms.
CVCE HAZMAT Detection 04 The roadside check facility equipment shall send a pass/pull-in notification to the commercial vehicle and its driver based on the hazmat information received from the vehicle, the freight equipment, or the administration center. The message may be sent to the on-board equipment in the commercial vehicle via nearby connected vehicle roadside equipment or transmitted to the driver using equipment such as dynamic message signs, red-green lights, flashing signs, etc.

Related Sources

Document Name Version Publication Date
ITS User Services Document 1/1/2005


Security

In order to participate in this service package, each physical object should meet or exceed the following security levels.

Physical Object Security
Physical Object Confidentiality Integrity Availability Security Class
Commercial Vehicle Administration Center High Moderate Moderate Class 4
Commercial Vehicle Check Equipment High High Moderate Class 4
Commercial Vehicle OBE Low Low Moderate Class 1
Emergency Management Center Moderate Moderate Moderate Class 2



In order to participate in this service package, each information flow triple should meet or exceed the following security levels.

Information Flow Security
Source Destination Information Flow Confidentiality Integrity Availability
Basis Basis Basis
Commercial Vehicle Administration Center Commercial Vehicle Check Equipment credentials information High Moderate Moderate
Credentials contain PII and proprietary information including trip data. This is private and competitive. If revealed, could provide leverage over carrier and/or vehicle. Incorrect or unavailable credentials information could delay clearance, could result in incorrect assessment of penalties. MODERATE and not HIGH because the impact should be limited. Incorrect or unavailable credentials information could delay clearance, could result in incorrect assessment of penalties. MODERATE and not HIGH because the impact should be limited.
Commercial Vehicle Check Equipment Commercial Vehicle Driver CVO pass/pull-in message Not Applicable High High
This interface is also directly observable. Data should be correct as it relates to CVO, however there is generally another mechanism to double-check this data, which is why it is MODERATE and not HIGH. If roadside mechanisms are not existant, then this would be HIGH. Data should be available as it relates to CVO, however there is generally another mechanism to double-check this data, which is why it is MODERATE and not HIGH. If roadside mechanisms are not existant, then this would be HIGH.
Commercial Vehicle Check Equipment Commercial Vehicle OBE pass/pull-in Low High Moderate
This is directly observable data. This message is directly acted upon. It should not be possible to spoof a border inspection station bypass. Provision of the pull-in request will have other backup mechanisms in most instances, but should be correct to avoid confusion or incorrect action by the receiving vehicle.
Commercial Vehicle Check Equipment Emergency Management Center commercial vehicle incident notification Moderate High Moderate
This data contains all of the information regarding the commercial vehicle incident. This could include personal information regarding persons involved in the incident. It could also include sensitive information regarding cargo contents or route deviations that might imply legal issues. Even a minor discrepancy in this data could have a significant effect, for instance if a HAZMAT is involved. Data describing commercial vehicle incidents must be timely or emergency assets may be improperly tasked, which has a significant cost. Could be HIGH.
Commercial Vehicle OBE Commercial Vehicle Driver CVO pass/pull-in message Not Applicable Moderate Moderate
This interface is also directly observable. Data should be correct as it relates to CVO, however there is generally another mechanism to double-check this data, which is why it is MODERATE and not HIGH. Flow should be available as it relates to CVO, however there is generally another mechanism through which this data might be received, which is why it is MODERATE and not HIGH.

Standards

Currently, there are no standards associated with the physical objects in this service package. For standards related to interfaces, see the specific information flow triple pages.