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MC02: Maintenance and Construction Vehicle Maintenance

This service package performs vehicle maintenance scheduling and manages both routine and corrective maintenance activities on vehicles and other maintenance and construction equipment. It includes on-board sensors capable of automatically performing diagnostics for maintenance and construction vehicles, and the systems that collect this diagnostic information and use it to schedule and manage vehicle and equipment maintenance.

Relevant Regions: Australia, Canada, European Union, and United States

Enterprise

Development Stage Roles and Relationships

Installation Stage Roles and Relationships

Operations Stage Roles and Relationships
(hide)

Source Destination Role/Relationship
Basic Maint and Constr Vehicle Manager Basic Maint and Constr Vehicle Manages
Basic Maint and Constr Vehicle Owner Basic Maint and Constr Vehicle Owns
Basic Maint and Constr Vehicle Owner Basic Maint and Constr Vehicle Manager Operations Agreement
Basic Maint and Constr Vehicle Owner Maint and Constr Vehicle OBE Owner Expectation of Data Provision
Basic Maint and Constr Vehicle Supplier Basic Maint and Constr Vehicle Owner Warranty
Equipment Repair Facility Manager Equipment Repair Facility Manages
Equipment Repair Facility Owner Equipment Repair Facility Owns
Equipment Repair Facility Owner Equipment Repair Facility Manager Operations Agreement
Equipment Repair Facility Owner Maint and Constr Management Center Owner Information Exchange Agreement
Equipment Repair Facility Supplier Equipment Repair Facility Owner Warranty
Maint and Constr Center Personnel Maint and Constr Management Center Operates
Maint and Constr Management Center Manager Maint and Constr Center Personnel System Usage Agreement
Maint and Constr Management Center Manager Maint and Constr Management Center Manages
Maint and Constr Management Center Owner Equipment Repair Facility Owner Information Exchange Agreement
Maint and Constr Management Center Owner Maint and Constr Management Center Owns
Maint and Constr Management Center Owner Maint and Constr Management Center Manager Operations Agreement
Maint and Constr Management Center Supplier Maint and Constr Management Center Owner Warranty
Maint and Constr Vehicle OBE Manager Maint and Constr Vehicle OBE Manages
Maint and Constr Vehicle OBE Manager Maint and Constr Vehicle Operator System Usage Agreement
Maint and Constr Vehicle OBE Owner Equipment Repair Facility Owner Information Provision Agreement
Maint and Constr Vehicle OBE Owner Maint and Constr Management Center Owner Information Provision Agreement
Maint and Constr Vehicle OBE Owner Maint and Constr Vehicle OBE Owns
Maint and Constr Vehicle OBE Owner Maint and Constr Vehicle OBE Manager Operations Agreement
Maint and Constr Vehicle OBE Supplier Maint and Constr Vehicle OBE Owner Warranty
Maint and Constr Vehicle Operator Maint and Constr Vehicle OBE Operates

Maintenance Stage Roles and Relationships

Physical

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Includes Physical Objects:

Physical Object Class Description
Basic Maint and Constr Vehicle Vehicle The 'Basic Maint and Constr Vehicle' represents the maintenance, construction, or other specialized vehicle or equipment that hosts the on-board equipment that provides ITS functionality. It includes the databus, actuators, and other access points that are used by the on-board equipment to monitor and control the host vehicle systems. For example, the interface to this physical object is used to control the operation of the snow plow and monitor the amount of materials (e.g., sand or salt) on-board.
Equipment Repair Facility Center 'Equipment Repair Facility' represents the facilities that configure, service, and repair vehicles and other support equipment used in roadway infrastructure construction and maintenance. The equipment repair facility receives preventative and corrective maintenance schedules and vehicle configuration requirements, performs the necessary configuration and maintenance work on the vehicles and equipment, and provides vehicle and equipment status back to the architecture.
Maint and Constr Center Personnel Center The people that directly interface with a Maintenance and Construction Management Center. These personnel interact with fleet dispatch and management systems, road maintenance systems, incident management systems, work plan scheduling systems, and work zone management systems. They provide operator data and command inputs to direct system operations to varying degrees depending on the type of system and the deployment scenario.
Maint and Constr Management Center Center The 'Maint and Constr Management Center' monitors and manages roadway infrastructure construction and maintenance activities. Representing both public agencies and private contractors that provide these functions, this physical object manages fleets of maintenance, construction, or special service vehicles (e.g., snow and ice control equipment). The physical object receives a wide range of status information from these vehicles and performs vehicle dispatch, routing, and resource management for the vehicle fleets and associated equipment. The physical object participates in incident response by deploying maintenance and construction resources to an incident scene, in coordination with other center physical objects. The physical object manages equipment at the roadside, including environmental sensors and automated systems that monitor and mitigate adverse road and surface weather conditions. It manages the repair and maintenance of both non-ITS and ITS equipment including the traffic controllers, detectors, dynamic message signs, signals, and other equipment associated with the roadway infrastructure. Weather information is collected and fused with other data sources and used to support advanced decision support systems.

The physical object remotely monitors and manages ITS capabilities in work zones, gathering, storing, and disseminating work zone information to other systems. It manages traffic in the vicinity of the work zone and advises drivers of work zone status (either directly at the roadside or through an interface with the Transportation Information Center or Traffic Management Center physical objects.)

Construction and maintenance activities are tracked and coordinated with other systems, improving the quality and accuracy of information available regarding closures and other roadway construction and maintenance activities.
Maint and Constr Vehicle OBE Vehicle The 'Maint and Constr Vehicle OBE' resides in a maintenance, construction, or other specialized service vehicle or equipment and provides the processing, storage, and communications functions necessary to support highway maintenance and construction. All types of maintenance and construction vehicles are covered, including heavy equipment, supervisory vehicles, unmanned remote controlled field maintenance robots, and sensory platforms that may be wheeled or low altitude aerial vehicles (e.g. drones, balloons). The MCV OBE provides two-way communications between drivers/operators and dispatchers and maintains and communicates current location and status information. A wide range of operational status is monitored, measured, and made available, depending on the specific type of vehicle or equipment. A snow plow for example, would monitor whether the plow is up or down and material usage information. The Maint and Constr Vehicle OBE may also contain capabilities to monitor vehicle systems to support maintenance of the vehicle itself. A separate 'Vehicle OBE' physical object supports the general vehicle safety and driver information capabilities that apply to all vehicles, including maintenance and construction vehicles. The Maint and Constr Vehicle OBE supplements these general capabilities with capabilities that are specific to maintenance and construction vehicles.
Maint and Constr Vehicle Operator Vehicle The operator of maintenance, construction, or other specialized service vehicles or equipment. Represents the maintenance and construction vehicle operators. The operator provides input specific to maintenance and construction vehicle operations, including the status of maintenance actions. Information provided to the operator includes dispatch requests and maintenance and construction actions to be performed.

Includes Functional Objects:

Functional Object Description Physical Object
MCM Vehicle Maintenance Management 'MCM Vehicle Maintenance Management' monitors vehicle and equipment condition, tracks maintenance history, and schedules routine and corrective maintenance based on vehicle/equipment utilization and availability schedules. Maint and Constr Management Center
MCV Vehicle System Monitoring and Diagnostics 'MCV Vehicle System Monitoring and Diagnostics' includes on-board sensors capable of monitoring the condition of each of the vehicle systems and diagnostics that can be used to support vehicle maintenance. The status of the vehicle and ancillary equipment and diagnostic information is provided to the vehicle operator, repair facility, and dispatch center. Maint and Constr Vehicle OBE

Includes Information Flows:

Information Flow Description
maint and constr center personnel input User input from maintenance and construction center personnel including routing information, scheduling data, dispatch instructions, device configuration and control, resource allocations, alerts, incident and emergency response plan coordination.
maint and constr equipment repair status Current maintenance and repair status of the maintenance and construction vehicle fleet and other support equipment. This information includes a record of all maintenance and repair activities performed.
maint and constr fleet information Information supporting maintenance of the maintenance and construction vehicle fleet and other support equipment. This information includes vehicle status and diagnostic information, vehicle utilization, and coordination of when vehicles will be available for preventative and corrective maintenance.
maint and constr operations information presentation Presentation of maintenance and construction operations information to center personnel. This information includes maintenance resource status (vehicles, equipment, and personnel), work schedule information, work status, road and weather conditions, traffic information, incident information and associated resource requests, security alerts, emergency response plans and a range of other information that supports efficient maintenance and construction operations and planning.
maint and constr vehicle condition presentation Presentation of vehicle diagnostics and operating status information to maintenance and construction field personnel including speed, engine temperature, mileage, tire wear, brake wear, belt wear, maintenance and construction system status, environmental sensor information, and other measures associated with the operation of a maintenance vehicle.
maint and constr vehicle conditions Vehicle diagnostics information that is collected, filtered, and selectively reported by a maintenance and construction vehicle. The information includes engine temperature, mileage, tire wear, brake wear, belt wear, and any warnings or alarms concerning the operational condition of the vehicle and ancillary equipment.
maint and constr vehicle measures Raw vehicle diagnostics and operating status data reported by the maintenance vehicle platform including engine temperature, mileage, tire wear, brake wear, belt wear, and other operational status measures. In addition to this general vehicle status, this flow also includes the status of maintenance and construction-specific systems on the vehicle.
maint and constr vehicle operator input User input from field personnel including current maintenance and construction status information as well as on-board device control.
maint and constr vehicle operator presentation Information presented to maintenance and construction field personnel including vehicle routing and traffic information, road restrictions, environmental information, decision support information, maintenance schedules, dispatch instructions, maintenance personnel assignments, vehicle maintenance information, work zone status information, and corrective actions.

Goals and Objectives

Associated Planning Factors and Goals

Planning Factor Goal
H. Emphasize the preservation of the existing transportation system; Maintain the highway infrastructure asset system in a state of good repair

Associated Objective Categories

Objective Category
Preservation: Preserve Existing Infrastructure

Associated Objectives and Performance Measures

Objective Performance Measure
Enhance asset and resource management Extended pavement life due to truck weight enforcement
Enhance asset and resource management Number of assets tracked in real-time
Enhance asset and resource management Percentage of fleet/equipment within lifecycle
Enhance asset and resource management Percentage of geographic jurisdiction covered by agency electronic communications
Enhance asset and resource management Percentage of maintenance activities completed in required time-frame
Enhance asset and resource management Rate at which equipment is utilized
Enhance asset and resource management Vehicle operating costs


 
Since the mapping between objectives and service packages is not always straight-forward and often situation-dependent, these mappings should only be used as a starting point. Users should do their own analysis to identify the best service packages for their region.

Needs and Requirements

Need Functional Object Requirement
01 Maintenance and construction operations need to be able to manage vehicle maintenance scheduling for both routine and corrective maintenance activities on vehicles and other maintenance and construction equipment. MCM Vehicle Maintenance Management 02 The center shall exchange information with equipment repair facilities including status and history of repairs concerning maintenance and construction vehicles. This information includes vehicle status and diagnostic information, vehicle utilization, and coordination of when vehicles will be available for preventative and corrective maintenance.
03 The center shall schedule preventive and corrective vehicle maintenance with the equipment repair facility based on fleet health reports, maintenance records, vehicle utilization and vehicle availability schedules.
02 Maintenance and construction operations need to be able to automatically collect diagnostics data from maintenance and construction vehicles in order to use it to schedule and manage vehicle and equipment maintenance. MCM Vehicle Maintenance Management 01 The center shall collect and analyze vehicle diagnostics information from maintenance and construction vehicles. The information includes engine temperature, mileage, tire wear, brake wear, belt wear, and any warnings or alarms concerning the operational condition of the vehicle and ancillary equipment.
03 Maintenance and construction vehicles need to be able to collect vehicle diagnostics and operating status data from the maintenance vehicle and send it to maintenance and construction operations. MCV Vehicle System Monitoring and Diagnostics 01 The maintenance and construction vehicle shall collect vehicle diagnostics and operating status data from the maintenance vehicle platform including engine temperature, mileage, tire wear, brake wear, belt wear, and other operational status measures as well as the status of maintenance and construction-specific systems on the vehicle.
02 The maintenance and construction vehicle shall use the diagnostic and status information to support scheduling vehicle maintenance, monitoring safety status, and informing the vehicle operator of the conditions.
03 The maintenance and construction vehicle shall send the vehicle diagnostic and safety information to an equipment repair facility.
04 The maintenance and construction vehicle shall send the vehicle diagnostic and safety information to the controlling maintenance center.

Related Sources

Document Name Version Publication Date
ITS User Services Document 1/1/2005


Security

In order to participate in this service package, each physical object should meet or exceed the following security levels.

Physical Object Security
Physical Object Confidentiality Integrity Availability Security Class
Basic Maint and Constr Vehicle  
Equipment Repair Facility Moderate Moderate Moderate Class 2
Maint and Constr Management Center Moderate Moderate Moderate Class 2
Maint and Constr Vehicle OBE Moderate Moderate Moderate Class 2



In order to participate in this service package, each information flow triple should meet or exceed the following security levels.

Information Flow Security
Source Destination Information Flow Confidentiality Integrity Availability
Basis Basis Basis
Basic Maint and Constr Vehicle Maint and Constr Vehicle OBE maint and constr vehicle measures Low Moderate High
Unlikely that this includes any information that could be used against the originator. Status information should be correct, but modification will cause only minor inconvenience. Since this monitors the health and safety of the vehicle and that information is eventually reported to the driver and fleet manager, it should be available at all times as it directly affects vehicle and operator safety.
Equipment Repair Facility Maint and Constr Management Center maint and constr equipment repair status Low Moderate Moderate
Status of the maintenance and construction vehicle fleet is not competitive for a municipality, and is likely public information anyway. Should be correct to ensure planning and operations activities expectations can be met. Needs to be up to date to support planning and operations activities.
Maint and Constr Center Personnel Maint and Constr Management Center maint and constr center personnel input High High High
Direct interactions between personnel and systems in a backoffice environment are effectively protected by physical means, so long as the interaction is in a dedicated facility. If this interaction is virtual (i.e. ,the MCMC is not directly in front of the MCMC Personnel, like in a cloud-based system) then the user's input requires some degree of obfuscation depending on sensitivity of information. Given that this could include information about compromised or ineffectual systems, including security systems, the potential for damage is high. Thus, HIGH. Backoffice operations flows should generally be correct and available as these are the primary interface between operators and system. Backoffice operations flows should generally be correct and available as these are the primary interface between operators and system.
Maint and Constr Management Center Equipment Repair Facility maint and constr fleet information Moderate Moderate Moderate
Maintenance vehicle status and availability information, even for the context of repair or preventative maintenance, indicates when these assets will be certain places should be protected from hostile actors, as they may use this information for target acquisition or selection or damage assessment, for example. Maintenance vehicle availability and need for repair and maintenance needs to be correct to support maintanenace actions. Corruption or unavailability of this information would cost time and money and may impact availability of these assets. Maintenance vehicle availability and need for repair and maintenance needs to be correct to support maintanenace actions. Corruption or unavailability of this information would cost time and money and may impact availability of these assets.
Maint and Constr Management Center Maint and Constr Center Personnel maint and constr operations information presentation Not Applicable Moderate Moderate
System maintenance flows should have some protection from casual viewing, as otherwise imposters could gain illicit control over field equipment Information presented to backoffice system operators must be consistent or the operator may perform actions that are not appropriate to the real situation. The backoffice system operator should have access to system operation. If this interface is down then control is effectively lost, as without feedback from the system the operator has no way of knowing what is the correct action to take.
Maint and Constr Vehicle OBE Equipment Repair Facility maint and constr vehicle conditions Moderate Moderate Moderate
Basic diagnostic information might not be sensitive, but any warnings or alarms could be, particularly if they are related to an incident or hostile event related to the vehicle. Such information could be used as part of damage assessment or target identification. This needs to be accurate to properly schedule maintenance activities (for the basic maintenance data items) and to properly respond to warning indicators. If corrupted or unavailable, there could be a significant repurcussion for the vehicle and by extension, the vehicle operator. This needs to be accurate to properly schedule maintenance activities (for the basic maintenance data items) and to properly respond to warning indicators. If corrupted or unavailable, there could be a significant repurcussion for the vehicle and by extension, the vehicle operator.
Maint and Constr Vehicle OBE Maint and Constr Management Center maint and constr vehicle conditions Moderate Moderate Moderate
Basic diagnostic information might not be sensitive, but any warnings or alarms could be, particularly if they are related to an incident or hostile event related to the vehicle. Such information could be used as part of damage assessment or target identification. This needs to be accurate to properly schedule maintenance activities (for the basic maintenance data items) and to properly respond to warning indicators. If corrupted or unavailable, there could be a significant repurcussion for the vehicle and by extension, the vehicle operator. This needs to be accurate to properly schedule maintenance activities (for the basic maintenance data items) and to properly respond to warning indicators. If corrupted or unavailable, there could be a significant repurcussion for the vehicle and by extension, the vehicle operator.
Maint and Constr Vehicle OBE Maint and Constr Vehicle Operator maint and constr vehicle condition presentation Moderate High High
System maintenance flows should have some protection from casual viewing, as otherwise imposters could gain illicit control over the MCV. System maintenance flows are the primary interface between field personnel and field equipment, and must present accurate data or inappropriate maintenance actions may be taken. System maintenance flows are the primary interface between field personnel and field equipment, and must present accurate data or inappropriate maintenance actions may be taken.
Maint and Constr Vehicle OBE Maint and Constr Vehicle Operator maint and constr vehicle operator presentation Moderate High High
System maintenance flows should have some protection from casual viewing, as otherwise imposters could gain illicit control over the MCV. System maintenance flows are the primary interface between field personnel and field equipment, and must present accurate data or inappropriate maintenance actions may be taken. System maintenance flows are the primary interface between field personnel and field equipment, and must present accurate data or inappropriate maintenance actions may be taken.
Maint and Constr Vehicle Operator Maint and Constr Vehicle OBE maint and constr vehicle operator input Not Applicable Moderate High
Observation of control or status information is unlikely to have any value to a third party; actions of field personnel should be observable anyway. Any driver/operator interaction with vehicle systems needs some assurance of correctness; corruption of this information could lead to unexpected vehicle behavior which poses a limited safety risk. Without direct local control of vehicle systems the vehicle is essentially uncontrolled.

Standards

Currently, there are no standards associated with the physical objects in this service package. For standards related to interfaces, see the specific information flow triple pages.