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MC01: Maintenance and Construction Vehicle and Equipment Tracking

This service package tracks the location of maintenance and construction vehicles and other equipment to ascertain the progress of their activities. Checks can include ensuring the correct roads are being plowed and work activity is being performed at the correct locations.

Relevant Regions: Australia, Canada, European Union, and United States

Enterprise

Development Stage Roles and Relationships

Installation Stage Roles and Relationships

Operations Stage Roles and Relationships
(hide)

Source Destination Role/Relationship
Location and Time Data Source Manager Location and Time Data Source Manages
Location and Time Data Source Owner Location and Time Data Source Owns
Location and Time Data Source Owner Location and Time Data Source Manager Operations Agreement
Location and Time Data Source Supplier Location and Time Data Source Owner Warranty
Maint and Constr Center Personnel Maint and Constr Management Center Operates
Maint and Constr Management Center Manager Maint and Constr Center Personnel System Usage Agreement
Maint and Constr Management Center Manager Maint and Constr Management Center Manages
Maint and Constr Management Center Owner Maint and Constr Management Center Owns
Maint and Constr Management Center Owner Maint and Constr Management Center Manager Operations Agreement
Maint and Constr Management Center Supplier Maint and Constr Management Center Owner Warranty
Maint and Constr Vehicle OBE Manager Maint and Constr Vehicle OBE Manages
Maint and Constr Vehicle OBE Owner Maint and Constr Management Center Owner Information Provision Agreement
Maint and Constr Vehicle OBE Owner Maint and Constr Vehicle OBE Owns
Maint and Constr Vehicle OBE Owner Maint and Constr Vehicle OBE Manager Operations Agreement
Maint and Constr Vehicle OBE Supplier Maint and Constr Vehicle OBE Owner Warranty

Maintenance Stage Roles and Relationships

Physical

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Includes Physical Objects:

Physical Object Class Description
Location and Time Data Source ITS The 'Location and Time Data Source' provides accurate position information. While a Global Positioning System (GPS) Receiver is the most common implementation, this physical object represents any technology that provides a position fix in three dimensions and time with sufficient accuracy.
Maint and Constr Center Personnel Center The people that directly interface with a Maintenance and Construction Management Center. These personnel interact with fleet dispatch and management systems, road maintenance systems, incident management systems, work plan scheduling systems, and work zone management systems. They provide operator data and command inputs to direct system operations to varying degrees depending on the type of system and the deployment scenario.
Maint and Constr Management Center Center The 'Maint and Constr Management Center' monitors and manages roadway infrastructure construction and maintenance activities. Representing both public agencies and private contractors that provide these functions, this physical object manages fleets of maintenance, construction, or special service vehicles (e.g., snow and ice control equipment). The physical object receives a wide range of status information from these vehicles and performs vehicle dispatch, routing, and resource management for the vehicle fleets and associated equipment. The physical object participates in incident response by deploying maintenance and construction resources to an incident scene, in coordination with other center physical objects. The physical object manages equipment at the roadside, including environmental sensors and automated systems that monitor and mitigate adverse road and surface weather conditions. It manages the repair and maintenance of both non-ITS and ITS equipment including the traffic controllers, detectors, dynamic message signs, signals, and other equipment associated with the roadway infrastructure. Weather information is collected and fused with other data sources and used to support advanced decision support systems.

The physical object remotely monitors and manages ITS capabilities in work zones, gathering, storing, and disseminating work zone information to other systems. It manages traffic in the vicinity of the work zone and advises drivers of work zone status (either directly at the roadside or through an interface with the Transportation Information Center or Traffic Management Center physical objects.)

Construction and maintenance activities are tracked and coordinated with other systems, improving the quality and accuracy of information available regarding closures and other roadway construction and maintenance activities.
Maint and Constr Vehicle OBE Vehicle The 'Maint and Constr Vehicle OBE' resides in a maintenance, construction, or other specialized service vehicle or equipment and provides the processing, storage, and communications functions necessary to support highway maintenance and construction. All types of maintenance and construction vehicles are covered, including heavy equipment, supervisory vehicles, unmanned remote controlled field maintenance robots, and sensory platforms that may be wheeled or low altitude aerial vehicles (e.g. drones, balloons). The MCV OBE provides two-way communications between drivers/operators and dispatchers and maintains and communicates current location and status information. A wide range of operational status is monitored, measured, and made available, depending on the specific type of vehicle or equipment. A snow plow for example, would monitor whether the plow is up or down and material usage information. The Maint and Constr Vehicle OBE may also contain capabilities to monitor vehicle systems to support maintenance of the vehicle itself. A separate 'Vehicle OBE' physical object supports the general vehicle safety and driver information capabilities that apply to all vehicles, including maintenance and construction vehicles. The Maint and Constr Vehicle OBE supplements these general capabilities with capabilities that are specific to maintenance and construction vehicles.

Includes Functional Objects:

Functional Object Description Physical Object
MCM Vehicle Tracking 'MCM Vehicle Tracking' tracks the location of maintenance and construction vehicles and other equipment. Vehicle/equipment location and associated information is presented to the operator. Maint and Constr Management Center
MCV Vehicle Location Tracking 'MCV Vehicle Location Tracking' monitors vehicle location and reports the position and timestamp information to the dispatch center. Maint and Constr Vehicle OBE

Includes Information Flows:

Information Flow Description
location and time The current geographic location in three dimensions (latitude, longitude, elevation) and the current time.
maint and constr center personnel input User input from maintenance and construction center personnel including routing information, scheduling data, dispatch instructions, device configuration and control, resource allocations, alerts, incident and emergency response plan coordination.
maint and constr operations information presentation Presentation of maintenance and construction operations information to center personnel. This information includes maintenance resource status (vehicles, equipment, and personnel), work schedule information, work status, road and weather conditions, traffic information, incident information and associated resource requests, security alerts, emergency response plans and a range of other information that supports efficient maintenance and construction operations and planning.
maint and constr vehicle location data The current location and related status (e.g., direction and speed) of the maintenance/construction vehicle.

Goals and Objectives

Associated Planning Factors and Goals

Planning Factor Goal
H. Emphasize the preservation of the existing transportation system; Maintain the highway infrastructure asset system in a state of good repair

Associated Objective Categories

Objective Category
Preservation: Preserve Existing Infrastructure

Associated Objectives and Performance Measures

Objective Performance Measure
Enhance asset and resource management Extended pavement life due to truck weight enforcement
Enhance asset and resource management Number of assets tracked in real-time
Enhance asset and resource management Percentage of fleet/equipment within lifecycle
Enhance asset and resource management Percentage of geographic jurisdiction covered by agency electronic communications
Enhance asset and resource management Percentage of maintenance activities completed in required time-frame
Enhance asset and resource management Rate at which equipment is utilized
Enhance asset and resource management Vehicle operating costs


 
Since the mapping between objectives and service packages is not always straight-forward and often situation-dependent, these mappings should only be used as a starting point. Users should do their own analysis to identify the best service packages for their region.

Needs and Requirements

Need Functional Object Requirement
01 Maintenance and construction operations need to be able to track the location of maintenance and construction vehicles and other equipment in order to ascertain where their assets are. MCM Vehicle Tracking 01 The center shall monitor the locations of all maintenance and construction vehicles and other equipment under its jurisdiction.
02 The center shall present location data to center personnel for the fleet of maintenance and construction vehicles and other equipment.
MCV Vehicle Location Tracking 01 The maintenance and construction vehicle shall track its current location.
02 The maintenance and construction vehicle shall send the time stamped vehicle location to the controlling center.

Related Sources

Document Name Version Publication Date
ITS User Services Document 1/1/2005


Security

In order to participate in this service package, each physical object should meet or exceed the following security levels.

Physical Object Security
Physical Object Confidentiality Integrity Availability Security Class
Location and Time Data Source Moderate High High Class 5
Maint and Constr Management Center Moderate Moderate Moderate Class 2
Maint and Constr Vehicle OBE Moderate Moderate High Class 5



In order to participate in this service package, each information flow triple should meet or exceed the following security levels.

Information Flow Security
Source Destination Information Flow Confidentiality Integrity Availability
Basis Basis Basis
Location and Time Data Source Maint and Constr Vehicle OBE location and time Moderate High High
While time reference should be universally available, time reference coupled with vehicle location is tracking data. This flow is internal to a vehicle, but should probably be encrypted to discourage hacking and snooping on the vehicle bus. Thus MODERATE. Location and time data is the basis for crash imminent safety and a host of other applications. Corruption of this flow could lead directly to a vehicle accident. If this information is not available, crash imminent safety applications depending on this information will not function properly.
Maint and Constr Center Personnel Maint and Constr Management Center maint and constr center personnel input High High High
Direct interactions between personnel and systems in a backoffice environment are effectively protected by physical means, so long as the interaction is in a dedicated facility. If this interaction is virtual (i.e. ,the MCMC is not directly in front of the MCMC Personnel, like in a cloud-based system) then the user's input requires some degree of obfuscation depending on sensitivity of information. Given that this could include information about compromised or ineffectual systems, including security systems, the potential for damage is high. Thus, HIGH. Backoffice operations flows should generally be correct and available as these are the primary interface between operators and system. Backoffice operations flows should generally be correct and available as these are the primary interface between operators and system.
Maint and Constr Management Center Maint and Constr Center Personnel maint and constr operations information presentation Not Applicable Moderate Moderate
System maintenance flows should have some protection from casual viewing, as otherwise imposters could gain illicit control over field equipment Information presented to backoffice system operators must be consistent or the operator may perform actions that are not appropriate to the real situation. The backoffice system operator should have access to system operation. If this interface is down then control is effectively lost, as without feedback from the system the operator has no way of knowing what is the correct action to take.
Maint and Constr Vehicle OBE Maint and Constr Management Center maint and constr vehicle location data Moderate Moderate Moderate
This is effectively a tracking flow, which if intercepted would provide a third party with the ability to track maintenance and construction vehicles, which could enable nefarious and illegal activities. Corruption, unavailability or unauthorized manipulation of this data could lead to a lack of understanding of maintenance vehilce locations. This could negatively effect coordinated actions such as roadway treatment and snow removal, compromising mobility. It could also negatively impact the safety of the vehicle operator. Corruption, unavailability or unauthorized manipulation of this data could lead to a lack of understanding of maintenance vehilce locations. This could negatively effect coordinated actions such as roadway treatment and snow removal, compromising mobility. It could also negatively impact the safety of the vehicle operator.

Standards

Currently, there are no standards associated with the physical objects in this service package. For standards related to interfaces, see the specific information flow triple pages.