Link Type: Short Range Wireless

Personal Information Device --> Transit Vehicle OBE:
personal location

Definitions

personal location (Information Flow): The current location (latitude, longitude, and elevation) reported by the personal information device

Personal Information Device (Source Physical Object): The 'Personal Information Device' provides the capability for travelers to receive formatted traveler information wherever they are. Capabilities include traveler information, trip planning, and route guidance. Frequently a smart phone, the Personal Information Device provides travelers with the capability to receive route planning and other personally focused transportation services from the infrastructure in the field, at home, at work, or while en-route. Personal Information Devices may operate independently or may be linked with connected vehicle on-board equipment.

Transit Vehicle OBE (Destination Physical Object): The Transit Vehicle On-Board equipment (OBE) resides in a transit vehicle and provides the sensory, processing, storage, and communications functions necessary to support safe and efficient movement of passengers. The types of transit vehicles containing this physical object include buses, paratransit vehicles, light rail vehicles, other vehicles designed to carry passengers, and supervisory vehicles. It collects ridership levels and supports electronic fare collection. It supports a traffic signal prioritization function that communicates with the roadside physical object to improve on-schedule performance. Automated vehicle location enhances the information available to the transit operator enabling more efficient operations. On-board sensors support transit vehicle maintenance. The physical object supports on-board security and safety monitoring. This monitoring includes transit user or vehicle operator activated alarms (silent or audible), as well as surveillance and sensor equipment. The surveillance equipment includes video (e.g. CCTV cameras), audio systems and/or event recorder systems. It also furnishes travelers with real-time travel information, continuously updated schedules, transfer options, routes, and fares. A separate 'Vehicle OBE' physical object supports the general vehicle safety and driver information capabilities that apply to all vehicles, including transit vehicles. The Transit Vehicle OBE supplements these general capabilities with capabilities that are specific to transit vehicles.

Included In

This Triple is in the following Service Packages:

This Triple is in the following Functional Objects:

This Triple is described by the following Functional View Data Flows:

This Triple has the following triple relationships:

Communication Solutions

Solutions are sorted in ascending Gap Severity order. The Gap Severity is the parenthetical number at the end of the solution.

Selected Solution

US: SAE VRU Messages - WAVE WSMP

Solution Description

This solution is used within the U.S.. It combines standards associated with US: SAE VRU Messages with those for V-X: WAVE WSMP. The US: SAE VRU Messages standards include upper-layer standards required to implement vulnerable road user information flows. The V-X: WAVE WSMP standards include lower-layer standards that support connectionless, near constant, ultra-low latency vehicle-to-any communications within ~300m using the WAVE Short Messaging Protocol (WSMP) over IEEE WAVE in the 5.9GHz spectrum. The broadcast mode is interoperable with M5 FNTP.

ITS Application Entity
Mind the gap

SAE J2735
SAE J2945
SAE J2945/9
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Mgmt

Addressed Elsewhere
Facilities
Mind the gap

SAE J2735
SAE J2945
Security
Mind the gap
TransNet

IEEE 1609.3
Access
Mind the gap
TransNet TransNet

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Facility Facility

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Note that some layers might have alternatives, in which case all of the gap icons associated with every alternative may be shown on the diagram, but the solution severity calculations (and resulting ordering of solutions) includes only the issues associated with the default (i.e., best, least severe) alternative.

Characteristics

Characteristic Value
Time Context Recent
Spatial Context Adjacent
Acknowledgement False
Cardinality Broadcast
Initiator Source
Authenticable True
Encrypt False


Interoperability Description
National This triple should be implemented consistently within the geopolitical region through which movement is essentially free (e.g., the United States, the European Union).

Security

Information Flow Security
  Confidentiality Integrity Availability
Rating Not Applicable High Moderate
Basis This data is intentionally transmitted to everyone via a broadcast. It can also be determined via other visual indicators. An incorrect locations message, could lead to a false warning or lack of warning. A lack of warning can have obvious catastrophic consequences, while a false warning could lead to users ignoring warnings due to perceived inaccuracy. Given that this triple may apply to highly dynamic environments (such as work zones), its accuracy is paramount, and thus if sent, must have HIGH integrity. There are other visual indicators about the geofenced areas. PID users in dynamic environments (incident and work zones) should know when they are leaving a geofenced area. As long as they remain in the geofenced area, this information is not as necessary. Not all pedestrians will carry a personal information device, and the system should be able to operate without this information.


Security Characteristics Value
Authenticable True
Encrypt False