Link Type: Short Range Wireless

Parking Area Equipment --> Vehicle OBE:
vehicle payment update

Definitions

vehicle payment update (Information Flow): Data written to vehicle equipment to support electronic toll collection or parking payment.

Parking Area Equipment (Source Physical Object): 'Parking Area Equipment' provides electronic monitoring and management of parking facilities. It supports an I2V link to the Vehicle that allows electronic collection of parking fees and monitors and controls parking meters that support conventional parking fee collection. It also includes the instrumentation, signs, and other infrastructure that monitors parking lot usage and provides local information about parking availability and other general parking information. The two primary approaches to monitoring parking area usage are sensing vehicles within parking spots or counting vehicles as they come in and as they leave the area. This portion of the functionality must be located in the parking area where it can monitor, classify, and share information with customers and their vehicles. See also the separate 'Parking Management Center' physical object that may be located in a back office, remote from the parking area, which interfaces with the financial infrastructure and broadly disseminates parking information to other operational centers in the region.

Vehicle OBE (Destination Physical Object): The Vehicle On-Board Equipment (OBE) provides the vehicle-based sensory, processing, storage, and communications functions that support efficient, safe, and convenient travel. The Vehicle OBE includes general capabilities that apply to passenger cars, trucks, and motorcycles. Many of these capabilities (e.g., see the Vehicle Safety service packages) apply to all vehicle types including personal vehicles, commercial vehicles, emergency vehicles, transit vehicles, and maintenance vehicles. From this perspective, the Vehicle OBE includes the common interfaces and functions that apply to all motorized vehicles. The radio(s) supporting V2V and V2I communications are a key component of the Vehicle OBE. Both one-way and two-way communications options support a spectrum of information services from basic broadcast to advanced personalized information services. Route guidance capabilities assist in formulation of an optimal route and step by step guidance along the travel route. Advanced sensors, processors, enhanced driver interfaces, and actuators complement the driver information services so that, in addition to making informed mode and route selections, the driver travels these routes in a safer and more consistent manner. This physical object supports all six levels of driving automation as defined in SAE J3016. Initial collision avoidance functions provide 'vigilant co-pilot' driver warning capabilities. More advanced functions assume limited control of the vehicle to maintain lane position and safe headways. In the most advanced implementations, this Physical Object supports full automation of all aspects of the driving task, aided by communications with other vehicles in the vicinity and in coordination with supporting infrastructure subsystems.

Included In

This Triple is in the following Service Packages:

This Triple is in the following Functional Objects:

This Triple is described by the following Functional View Data Flows:

Communication Solutions

Solutions are sorted in ascending Gap Severity order. The Gap Severity is the parenthetical number at the end of the solution.

Selected Solution

US: WAVE Tolling - Local Unicast Wireless (1609.2)

Solution Description

This solution is used within the U.S.. It combines standards associated with US: WAVE Tolling with those for V-X: Local Unicast Wireless (1609.2). The US: WAVE Tolling standards include upper-layer standards required to implement V2I tolling flows. The V-X: Local Unicast Wireless (1609.2) standards include lower-layer standards that support local-area unicast wireless solutions applicable to North America, such as WAVE DSRC, LTE-V2X, LTE, Wi-Fi, etc.

ITS Application Entity
Mind the gap

ISO 14906
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Mgmt

Addressed Elsewhere
Facilities
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IEEE 1609.11
ISO 15628
Security
Mind the gap
TransNet

IEEE 1609.3
Access
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TransNet TransNet

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Note that some layers might have alternatives, in which case all of the gap icons associated with every alternative may be shown on the diagram, but the solution severity calculations (and resulting ordering of solutions) includes only the issues associated with the default (i.e., best, least severe) alternative.

Characteristics

Characteristic Value
Time Context Recent
Spatial Context Adjacent
Acknowledgement True
Cardinality Unicast
Initiator Source
Authenticable True
Encrypt True

Security

Information Flow Security
  Confidentiality Integrity Availability
Rating Moderate Moderate Moderate
Basis Contains payment status update information intended for an individual, and thus should be concealed as it is personal information with no legitimate use by an unintended recipient. Payment information should be correct and timely or the recipient may take action to correct, or may fail to take action he should take and be penalized. Payment information should be correct and timely or the recipient may take action to correct, or may fail to take action he should take and be penalized.


Security Characteristics Value
Authenticable True
Encrypt True