Link Type: Short Range Wireless

Vehicle OBE --> Other Vehicle OBEs:
vehicle hazard event

This triple is bi-directional. See also Other Vehicle OBEs --> Vehicle OBE: vehicle hazard event

Definitions

vehicle hazard event (Information Flow): Notification of a potential hazard that is detected by the vehicle, including hazards posed by the vehicle itself. Self-reported hazards include notification that the vehicle is being operated in an unsafe manner or is stopped in the travel lanes or on the shoulder. Detected hazards include unequipped vehicles operating unsafely, traffic queues, and foreign objects (people, animals, debris, other obstacles) in the travel lanes. It includes vehicle location and status, path, current control actions, and additional information on the detected hazard, if applicable. This includes vehicles making excessive lane changes or traveling at excessive speeds, maintaining less than minimum headways, and wrong way vehicles. For wrong-way vehicles, this flow also passes information about detected unequipped wrong-way vehicles.

Vehicle OBE (Source Physical Object): The Vehicle On-Board Equipment (OBE) provides the vehicle-based sensory, processing, storage, and communications functions that support efficient, safe, and convenient travel. The Vehicle OBE includes general capabilities that apply to passenger cars, trucks, and motorcycles. Many of these capabilities (e.g., see the Vehicle Safety service packages) apply to all vehicle types including personal vehicles, commercial vehicles, emergency vehicles, transit vehicles, and maintenance vehicles. From this perspective, the Vehicle OBE includes the common interfaces and functions that apply to all motorized vehicles. The radio(s) supporting V2V and V2I communications are a key component of the Vehicle OBE. Both one-way and two-way communications options support a spectrum of information services from basic broadcast to advanced personalized information services. Route guidance capabilities assist in formulation of an optimal route and step by step guidance along the travel route. Advanced sensors, processors, enhanced driver interfaces, and actuators complement the driver information services so that, in addition to making informed mode and route selections, the driver travels these routes in a safer and more consistent manner. This physical object supports all six levels of driving automation as defined in SAE J3016. Initial collision avoidance functions provide 'vigilant co-pilot' driver warning capabilities. More advanced functions assume limited control of the vehicle to maintain lane position and safe headways. In the most advanced implementations, this Physical Object supports full automation of all aspects of the driving task, aided by communications with other vehicles in the vicinity and in coordination with supporting infrastructure subsystems.

Other Vehicle OBEs (Destination Physical Object): 'Other Vehicle OBEs' represents other connected vehicles that are communicating with the host vehicle. This includes all connected motorized vehicles including passenger cars, trucks, and motorcycles and specialty vehicles (e.g., maintenance vehicles, transit vehicles) that also include the basic 'Vehicle OBE' functionality that supports V2V communications. This object provides a source and destination for information transfers between connected vehicles. The host vehicle on-board equipment, represented by the Vehicle OBE physical object, sends information to, and receives information from the Other Vehicle OBEs to model all connected vehicle V2V communications in ARC-IT.

Included In

This Triple is in the following Service Packages:

This Triple is in the following Functional Objects:

This Triple is described by the following Functional View Data Flows:

Communication Solutions

Solutions are sorted in ascending Gap Severity order. The Gap Severity is the parenthetical number at the end of the solution.

Selected Solution

US: SAE Safety Awareness Messages - WAVE WSMP

Solution Description

This solution is used within the U.S.. It combines standards associated with US: SAE Safety Awareness Messages with those for V-X: WAVE WSMP. The US: SAE Safety Awareness Messages standards include upper-layer standards required to implement V2V safety situation awareness information flows. The V-X: WAVE WSMP standards include lower-layer standards that support connectionless, near constant, ultra-low latency vehicle-to-any communications within ~300m using the WAVE Short Messaging Protocol (WSMP) over IEEE WAVE in the 5.9GHz spectrum. The broadcast mode is interoperable with M5 FNTP.

ITS Application Entity
Mind the gapMind the gapMind the gap

SAE J2735
SAE J2945/1
SAE J2945/2
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Facilities
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Mind the gap
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IEEE 1609.3
Access
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Note that some layers might have alternatives, in which case all of the gap icons associated with every alternative may be shown on the diagram, but the solution severity calculations (and resulting ordering of solutions) includes only the issues associated with the default (i.e., best, least severe) alternative.

Characteristics

Characteristic Value
Time Context Now
Spatial Context Adjacent
Acknowledgement False
Cardinality Broadcast
Initiator Source
Authenticable True
Encrypt False

Security

Information Flow Security
  Confidentiality Integrity Availability
Rating Low High Moderate
Basis This data is intentionally transmitted to everyone via a broadcast. It can also be determined via other visual indicators. This message is an indication of a potential hazard and should not be easy to forge. False messages here may lead to confusion that causes a traffic accident. This message is an indication of a potential hazard. If it isn't received it increases the risk to other road users. If a vehicle is infringing on an intersection, it must report this.


Security Characteristics Value
Authenticable True
Encrypt False