Link Type: Position Location Interface

Location and Time Data Source --> Vehicle OBE:
location and time

Definitions

location and time (Information Flow): The current geographic location in three dimensions (latitude, longitude, elevation) and the current time.

Location and Time Data Source (Source Physical Object): The 'Location and Time Data Source' provides accurate position information. While a Global Positioning System (GPS) Receiver is the most common implementation, this physical object represents any technology that provides a position fix in three dimensions and time with sufficient accuracy.

Vehicle OBE (Destination Physical Object): The Vehicle On-Board Equipment (OBE) provides the vehicle-based sensory, processing, storage, and communications functions that support efficient, safe, and convenient travel. The Vehicle OBE includes general capabilities that apply to passenger cars, trucks, and motorcycles. Many of these capabilities (e.g., see the Vehicle Safety service packages) apply to all vehicle types including personal vehicles, commercial vehicles, emergency vehicles, transit vehicles, and maintenance vehicles. From this perspective, the Vehicle OBE includes the common interfaces and functions that apply to all motorized vehicles. The radio(s) supporting V2V and V2I communications are a key component of the Vehicle OBE. Both one-way and two-way communications options support a spectrum of information services from basic broadcast to advanced personalized information services. Route guidance capabilities assist in formulation of an optimal route and step by step guidance along the travel route. Advanced sensors, processors, enhanced driver interfaces, and actuators complement the driver information services so that, in addition to making informed mode and route selections, the driver travels these routes in a safer and more consistent manner. This physical object supports all six levels of driving automation as defined in SAE J3016. Initial collision avoidance functions provide 'vigilant co-pilot' driver warning capabilities. More advanced functions assume limited control of the vehicle to maintain lane position and safe headways. In the most advanced implementations, this Physical Object supports full automation of all aspects of the driving task, aided by communications with other vehicles in the vicinity and in coordination with supporting infrastructure subsystems.

Included In

This Triple is in the following Service Packages:

This Triple is in the following Functional Objects:

This Triple is described by the following Functional View Data Flows:

This Triple has the following triple relationships:

Communication Solutions

  • GNSS Data - GNSS serial interface (6)
Solutions are sorted in ascending Gap Severity order. The Gap Severity is the parenthetical number at the end of the solution.

Selected Solution

GNSS Data - GNSS serial interface

Solution Description

This solution is used within Australia, the E.U. and the U.S.. It combines standards associated with GNSS Data with those for GNSS serial interface. The GNSS Data standards include upper-layer standards required to obtain location and time information from a satellite-positioning-system-based geolocation receiver. The GNSS serial interface standards include lower-layer standards that support communications between connected ITS equipment and geolocation equipment such as a GPS receiver.

ITS Application Entity

NMEA 0183
Click gap icons for more info.

Mgmt

No Standard Needed
Facilities

No Standard Needed
Security
Mind the gap

No Standard Needed
TransNet

NMEA 0183
Access
Mind the gap

NMEA 0183
TransNet TransNet

TempBCL2 TempSTDL2

TempBCL3 TempSTDL3

TempBCL4 TempSTDL4

TempBCL5 TempSTDL5

Access Access

TempBCL2 TempSTDL2

TempBCL3 TempSTDL3

TempBCL4 TempSTDL4

TempBCL5 TempSTDL5

ITS Application ITS Application

TempBCL2 TempSTDL2

TempBCL3 TempSTDL3

TempBCL4 TempSTDL4

TempBCL5 TempSTDL5

Mgmt Mgmt

TempBCL2 TempSTDL2

TempBCL3 TempSTDL3

TempBCL4 TempSTDL4

TempBCL5 TempSTDL5

Facility Facility

TempBCL2 TempSTDL2

TempBCL3 TempSTDL3

TempBCL4 TempSTDL4

TempBCL5 TempSTDL5

Security Security

TempBCL2 TempSTDL2

TempBCL3 TempSTDL3

TempBCL4 TempSTDL4

TempBCL5 TempSTDL5

Note that some layers might have alternatives, in which case all of the gap icons associated with every alternative may be shown on the diagram, but the solution severity calculations (and resulting ordering of solutions) includes only the issues associated with the default (i.e., best, least severe) alternative.

Characteristics

Characteristic Value
Time Context Now
Spatial Context Adjacent
Acknowledgement False
Cardinality Broadcast
Initiator Source
Authenticable True
Encrypt True


Interoperability Description
Local In cases where an interface is normally encapsulated by a single stakeholder, interoperability is still desirable, but the motive is vendor independence and the efficiencies and choices that an open standards-based interface provides.

Security

Information Flow Security
  Confidentiality Integrity Availability
Rating Moderate High High
Basis While time reference should be universally available, time reference coupled with vehicle location is tracking data. This flow is internal to a vehicle, but should probably be encrypted to discourage hacking and snooping on the vehicle bus. Thus MODERATE. Location and time data is the basis for crash imminent safety and a host of other applications. Corruption of this flow could lead directly to a vehicle accident. If this information is not available, crash imminent safety applications depending on this information will not function properly.


Security Characteristics Value
Authenticable True
Encrypt True